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close this bookEffective Approaches for the Prevention of HIV/Aids in Woman (PAHO, WHO; 1995; 62 pages)
View the documentExecutive summary
View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Opening of the meeting
close this folder3. Women and HIV/AIDS
View the document3.1 The global epidemiological situation
View the document3.2 Current state of vaccine development
View the document3.3 Current research on female-controlled methods
View the document3.4 An overview of key social and economic factors contributing to women’s vulnerability to HIV/AIDS
View the document3.5 Consultation for policy-makers on women and AIDS in preparation for the Fourth World Conference on Women
Open this folder and view contents4. Effective approaches to prevention of HIV/AIDS in women
Open this folder and view contents5. Experiences from other fields: implications for HIV/AIDS prevention
Open this folder and view contents6. Future directions: national policies and large-scale programmes
View the document7. Overall conclusions
View the documentAppendix 1 - Agenda
View the documentAppendix 2 - List of participants
View the documentAppendix 3 - List of background papers
View the documentAppendix 4 - Selected reading list

3.3 Current research on female-controlled methods

Dr M. Karam, Clinical Research and Product Development, gave an overview of research in the important area of female-controlled prevention methods - particularly microbicides. Microbicides have major advantages for women: women themselves can choose to use them, and their use does not require the partner’s consent or collaboration nor a visit to a doctor or health worker. Microbicides under development range from the non-specific (e.g. spermicides) to the specific (e.g. inhibitors of reverse transcriptase). The goal of current research is to determine what products can be used safely (and frequently) for HIV/AIDS/STD prevention.

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