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close this bookEffective Approaches for the Prevention of HIV/Aids in Woman (PAHO, WHO; 1995; 62 pages)
View the documentExecutive summary
View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Opening of the meeting
Open this folder and view contents3. Women and HIV/AIDS
close this folder4. Effective approaches to prevention of HIV/AIDS in women
Open this folder and view contents4.1 Promoting safer sexual behaviour
Open this folder and view contents4.2 Prevention of HIV/AIDS/STD through STD care and condom promotion
Open this folder and view contents5. Experiences from other fields: implications for HIV/AIDS prevention
Open this folder and view contents6. Future directions: national policies and large-scale programmes
View the document7. Overall conclusions
View the documentAppendix 1 - Agenda
View the documentAppendix 2 - List of participants
View the documentAppendix 3 - List of background papers
View the documentAppendix 4 - Selected reading list

4. Effective approaches to prevention of HIV/AIDS in women

The seven HIV/AIDS/STD-specific interventions presented below span a range of settings (e.g. communities, workplaces, schools), particular needs of different women (e.g. young girls, women in stable partnerships, and women who are especially vulnerable to infection), and epidemiological profiles of HIV transmission (e.g. highly concentrated or diffuse). Few prevention efforts so far have specifically addressed the needs of women. Condom social marketing programmes have had some success, and this has been well documented but they have only targeted men: the condom social marketing programme featured here targets women in Haiti. Women who have been beneficiaries of STD/HIV prevention activities have mostly been commercial sex workers. Projects have failed to address the social and economic realities of their lives and this has seriously limited their effectiveness.

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