4. Effective approaches to prevention of HIV/AIDS in women
The seven HIV/AIDS/STD-specific interventions presented below span a range of settings (e.g. communities, workplaces, schools), particular needs of different women (e.g. young girls, women in stable partnerships, and women who are especially vulnerable to infection), and epidemiological profiles of HIV transmission (e.g. highly concentrated or diffuse). Few prevention efforts so far have specifically addressed the needs of women. Condom social marketing programmes have had some success, and this has been well documented but they have only targeted men: the condom social marketing programme featured here targets women in Haiti. Women who have been beneficiaries of STD/HIV prevention activities have mostly been commercial sex workers. Projects have failed to address the social and economic realities of their lives and this has seriously limited their effectiveness.
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