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close this bookHIV/AIDS and Nutrition: Helping Families and Communities to Cope (FAO; 1999; 14 pages)
View the documentHIV/AIDS AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS
View the documentIMPACT OF HIV/AIDS ON HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION
View the documentIMPACT ON SERVICES AND INSTITUTIONS
View the documentHIV/AIDS ISSUES IN NUTRITION AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
View the documentCONCLUSIONS
View the documentREFERENCES
 

HIV/AIDS and Nutrition: Helping Families and Communities to Cope

F. Egal and A. Valstar

Florence Egal is a Nutrition Officer and Arine Valstar is an Associate Professional Officer in the Household Food Security Group, Nutrition Programmes Service of FAO's Food and Nutrition Division.

Although human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is recognized predominantly as a health problem, the epidemic has multiple social and economic dimensions and implications since it affects adults in their most productive years of life. A health approach alone is not sufficient to prevent the spread of the disease or to mitigate its impact on both individuals and society. The spread of HIV/AIDS has become a major constraint to development in affected areas and must, therefore, become a major consideration in the programme planning of governments and agencies. The detrimental impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on nutrition and household food security in affected areas requires attention, and strategies to address these problems should be incorporated in programme planning.

The interaction between HIV/AIDS and nutrition can basically be seen from two perspectives:

 

• the biological perspective, which is the association between nutritional status and risk of infection, as well as the relationship of nutritional status and the evolution of the disease;

• the socio-economic perspective, which considers the consequences of the disease for the food and nutrition situation of affected households and communities through lack of food, insufficient care and lack of time to ensure hygiene.

 

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