Acting Administrator, U.S. Agency for International Development
On behalf of the Agency for International Development, I want to join Frank Press in welcoming you to this symposium and in noting the scientific and technological accomplishments in developing countries during the last 25 years.
The achievements we build upon today began more than a decade before USAID was established. In his 1949 inaugural address, President Harry S. Truman set in motion a new era in foreign assistance. Through Point IV, training skills and technology for improvement and growth were made available to developing nations. In a subsequent address, about three years later, President Truman emphasized that the secret of our own national success was inextricably connected with 'the magic of science and technology, and that through Point IV we could share that secret with less-developed countries. Indeed it was during the 1950s that we really began to comprehend the potential of modern technology generation.
In keeping with this realization, development research programs were among the new elements introduced into overseas aid by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. Research and development programs have since played an increasingly critical role in international assistance:
These are a few of the prominent gains; the list goes on.
USAID's twenty-fifth birthday is a most suitable occasion on which to enumerate and assess the contributions of science and technology to development. It is an even more appropriate time to focus attention on what science and technology are likely to accomplish in the decades ahead. Thus, I hope that all present benefit from the presentations to follow.
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