The results of the External Evaluation established that the REFLECT approach was much more successful at teaching literacy and numeracy than the methods used in the control group (using FIVDB materials). REFLECT groups scored 43% better in reading, 79% better in writing, 64% better in numeracy and 150% better in visual literacy.
It was further noted that "in the control groups performance was better in the upper age group while in the intervention [REFLECT] groups performance was better in the lower age group". The 15-19 year olds in the REFLECT circles did exceptionally well - with 62% getting a Grade A for reading, 75% getting Grade A for writing, 100% getting Grade A for numeracy.
The numbers who achieved literacy and numeracy in the REFLECT circles are tabulated below:
Analysing this we can observe the following:
In the control groups only 47% of those who were tested passed, leaving an overall success rate (given 45% drop out) of just 26%. The REFLECT circles, with an overall success rate of 60%, were more than twice as successful.
The women were asked what they have actually read in the past six months. In the first two communities we asked whether they had read a lot or a little of each but this proved too time consuming and so we restricted the questions to yes or no. Out of 59 women interviewed the results were as follows:
42=71% School texts
24 = 41 % Signs (eg shops)
* a higher percentage was hoped for but it should be noted that the existing Pass Book is badly designed, including many compound letters and small text. If it is re-designed and made easier then this percentage will probably rise substantially.
The women were also asked what they have actually written in the past six months. Out of 59 women interviewed the results were as follows:
Finally the women were asked what they have actually used written numbers for in the past six months. Out of 59 women interviewed the results were as follows:
15 =25% Pass book
One of the most positive signs for the medium term is the near universal demand for books which the literacy programme has generated. If this can be responded to successfully with books appropriate for newly literates and if a rickshaw library can be established as planned then the literacy programme will have contributed significantly to the creation of a more literate environment which will benefit the wider community. One additional possibility is the subsidising of a local newspaper set up as a business concern.
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