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close this bookAmaranth to Zai Holes, Ideas for Growing Food under Difficult Conditions (ECHO; 1996; 397 pages)
View the documentOther ECHO publications
View the documentAbout this book
View the documentAcknowledgements
close this folder1: Basics of agricultural development
Open this folder and view contentsBackground in agricultural development
close this folderSelecting suitable tropical crops
close this folderTechnical note: selecting the right crop for your location in the tropics or in the subtropics
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentPrincipal factors determining crop potential
View the documentPrediction of suitable crops
View the documentTable I. Ecological or life zones of the tropics, sub tropics, and warm temperate zones
View the documentTable II. Annual crops (or perennial crops grown as annuals) - climatic needs crop : rainfall - temperature - other considerations
View the documentTable IV. Suggested crops for specific climatic zones
View the documentDiscussion
View the documentAppendix I. Maximum ecological amplitudes for some tropical crops
View the documentTechnical note: Comparison charts of tropical crops
View the documentWhat seed would you take to an uninhabited tropical island?
View the documentHow can I garden in the hot humid tropics?
View the documentResource centers for agricultural development
Open this folder and view contents2: Vegetables and small fruits in the tropics
Open this folder and view contents3: Staple crops
Open this folder and view contents4: Multipurpose trees
Open this folder and view contents5: Farming systems and gardening techniques
Open this folder and view contents6: Soil health and plant nutrition
Open this folder and view contents7: Water resources
Open this folder and view contents8: Plant protection and pest control
Open this folder and view contents9: Domestic animals
Open this folder and view contents10: Food science
Open this folder and view contents11: Human health care
Open this folder and view contents12: Seeds and germplasm
Open this folder and view contents13: Energy and technologies
Open this folder and view contents14: From farm to market
Open this folder and view contents15: Training and missionary resources
Open this folder and view contents16: Oils
Open this folder and view contents17: Above-ground (urban) gardens
View the document18: What is ECHO?
View the documentAdditional ECHO publications
Open this folder and view contentsECHO development notes - issue 52
Open this folder and view contentsECHO development notes: issue 53
Open this folder and view contents28 additional technical notes about tropical agriculture
Open this folder and view contentsPrinciples of agroforestry
Open this folder and view contentsGood nutrition on the small farm
 
Table II. Annual crops (or perennial crops grown as annuals) - climatic needs crop : rainfall - temperature - other considerations

CLIMATIC NEEDS

CROP

RAINFALL

TEMPERATURE

OTHER CONSIDERATIONS

Aramanth

Short

Hot

Dry weather required during maturation

Arrowroot

Long

Hot


Bean (common)

Short

Intermediate

Dry weather required during maturation

Cantaloupe

Long

Cool to intermediate

Not usually grown in the tropics

Carrot

Intermediate

Cool


Cassava

Short to intermediate

Hot


Chayote

Long

Intermediate

Needs trellis

Chickpea

Short

Cool


Corn

Intermediate

Intermediate to hot

Dry weather required during maturation

Cowpea

Short

Hot

Dry weather required during maturation

Cucumber

Intermediate

Intermediate


Eggplant

Intermediate to long

Hot


Lablab bean

Short to long

Intermediate to hot

Most varieties bloom or produce during short days

Mung bean

Short

Intermediate

Most varieties bloom or produce during short days

Okra

Intermediate

Hot

Produces best in long days

Onion

Intermediate

Cool to intermediate


Peanut

Short to intermediate

Hot

Dry weather required during maturation

Pearl millet

Short

Hot

Dry weather required during maturation

Pepper

Intermediate

Intermediate to hot


Pigeon pea

Short

Hot

Dry weather required during maturation. Most varieties bloom or produce during short day

Potato

Short to intermediate

Cool to intermediate


Pumpkin

Intermediate to long

Hot


Rice

Intermediate

Intermediate to hot


Scarlet runner bean

Intermediate

Cool


Sorghum

Short to intermediate

Hot

Dry weather required during maturation

Soybean

Short to intermediate

Hot

Most varieties bloom or produce during short day

Sweet corn

Intermediate to long

Intermediate


Sweet potato

Long

Hot


Tomato

Short

Intermediate

Dry weather required during maturation

Watermelon

Intermediate

Hot


Winged bean

Long

Hot

Most varieties bloom or produce during short day

Yam

Long

Hot

Suitable for monsoon climate, with rains during long days

Yardlong bean

Intermediate

Hot

Needs trellis

CROP

RAINFALL

TEMPERATURE

OTHER CONSIDERATIONS

Avocado

Short to intermediate

Intermediate to hot


Banana

Long

Hot


Black pepper

Long

Hot

Needs trellis

Breadfruit

Intermediate to long

Hot


Cacao

Intermediate to long

Hot

Needs shade

Cashew

Short

Hot

Needs dry weather during flowering

Cherimoya

Intermediate

Cool


Coconut

Intermediate to long

Hot


Coffee

Intermediate to long

Intermediate

Needs shade

Fig

Short

Intermediate


Guava

Intermediate

Hot


Macadamia nut

Intermediate

Intermediate


Mamey sapote

Intermediate to long

Hot


Mango

Intermediate

Hot

Needs dry weather during flowering

Mangosteen

Long

Hot


Moringa

Short

Hot


Oil Palm

Intermediate to long

Hot


Papaya

Short to intermediate

Hot

Needs trellis

Peach palm (pejibaye)

Intermediate to long

Intermediate


Passion fruit

Intermediate

Intermediate to hot


Pineapple

Intermediate

Intermediate to hot


Plantain

Long

Hot


Soursop

Short to long

Hot


Sugar cane

Long

Hot


White sapote

Intermediate

Cool to intermediate


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