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close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on farming systems research and development
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on integrated systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
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Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agrometeorology
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close this folderAbstracts on plant protection
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the document1. Designing integrated pest management for sustainable and productive futures.
View the document2. Biotechnology's bitter harvest: herbicide-tolerant crops and the threat to sustainable agriculture.
View the document3. Chemistry, agriculture and the environment.
View the document4. Mise au point de techniques appropriées de lir qui seront utilisés par les petits agriculteurs traditionnels d'Afrique tropicale.(developing appropriate ipm technology for the traditional small-scale farmer in tropical Africa).
View the document5. Biological control in developing countries: towards its wider application in sustainable pest management.
View the document6. Transforming plants as a means of crop protection against insects.
View the document7. Utilization of va-mycorrhiza as a factor in integrated plant protection.
View the document8. Activity of four plant leaf extracts against three fungal pathogens of rice.
View the document9. A useful approach to the biocontrol of cassava pathogens.
View the document10. Evaluation of the biological activity of flax as a trap crop against orobanche parasitism of vicia faba.
View the document11. Insect pest management.
View the document12. Economic contributions of pest management to agricultural development.
View the document13. The effects of intercropping and mixed varieties of predators and parasitoids of cassava whiteflies (hemiptera: aleyrodidae) in Colombia.
View the document14. Prospects for traditional and cultural practices in integrated pest management of some root crop diseases in rivers state, Nigeria.
View the document15. Studies on cowpea farming practices in nigeria, with emphasis on insect pest control.
View the document16. Effect of various fertilizers and rates on insect pest/pearl millet relationship in Senegal.
View the document17. Insect pests of intercrops and their potential to infest oil palm in an oil-palm-based agroforestry system in India.
View the document18. Using weather data to forecast insect pest outbreaks.
View the document19. Insect pest management and socio-economic circumstances of small-scale farmers for food crop production in western Kenya: a case study.
View the document20. Rodent communities associated with three traditional agroecosystems in the San Luis potosi plateau, Mexico.
View the document21. Grain storage losses in Zimbabwe.
View the document22. Controlling weeds without chemicals.
View the document23. Weed management in agroecosystems: ecological approaches.
View the document24. Manual on the prevention of post-harvest grain losses.
View the document25. Evaluation of efficient weed management systems in pigeonpea (cajanus cajan l.)
View the document26. Weed management in a low-input cropping system in the Peruvian Amazon region.
View the document27. Poblaciones, biomasa y banco de semillas de arvenses en cultivos de maiz zea mays l. Y frijol phaseolus vulgaris l. Efecto de m+todos de control y rotaciones. (Weed population, biomass, and seed bank in maize and bean crops. Effects of control methods and crop rotations).
View the document28. Effects of groundnut, cowpea and melon on weed control and yields of intercropped cassava and maize.
View the document29. Intercropping and weeding: effects on some natural enemies of African bollworm, heliothis armigera (hbn.) (lep., Noctuidae), in bean fields.
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on water management
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Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on erosion and desertification control
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands
 

12. Economic contributions of pest management to agricultural development.

Tropical Pest Management, 35, (3), 1989, pp. 248-251

This article focuses on the contribution of pest control inputs and pest management skills to the transformation of traditional agriculture. The topic is covered in a general manner because little empirical evidence is available for use in providing specific illustrations of general relationships.

Increased use of pesticides in developing economies has been associated with an increased incidence of acute pesticide poisonings and potential for chronic health effects, as well as contamination of food and water supplies. These adverse impacts of pesticide use can become a constraint to agricultural development.

Acute and chronic health effects reduce the productivity of the agricultural labour force, thus limiting labour's contribution to agricultural development. High exposure rates to toxic chemicals by the population at large may also reduce the productivity of the urban labour force and limit economic growth. Environmental contamination can reduce the productivity of land - the most basic of production inputs.

Management strategies which lead to the development of pesticide resistance depreciate the value of the crop protection input itself.

Agricultural development and environmental quality are not necessarily incompatible. Protection of the human and natural resource bases is a prerequisite for sustainable growth and development. The principal factor determining whether development efforts lead to environmental degradation or conservation is the focus of agricultural policies and programs.

Access to material inputs, such as pesticides, cannot foster growth and development. Concurrent attention to the development of pesticide safety and pest management skills is required to prevent these inputs from becoming limiting factors for economic growth.

Ideally, the production protection, safety, and environmental aspects of pest control should be simultaneously addressed at early stages of agricultural development. This can only be achieved by increasing farmers' awareness and understanding of the pest control opportunities afforded them, while implementing policies and programs that preclude a unilateral approach to crop production, protection, or environmental quality.

1206 92 - 10/133

Plant protection

Latin America, Colombia, integrated plant protection, inter cropping, predator, cassava whitefly

GOLD, D.S. and M.A. ALTIERI

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