Change to Ukrainian interface versionChange to English interface versionChange to Russian interface versionHome pageClear last query resultsHelp page
Search for specific termsBrowse by subject categoryBrowse alphabetical list of titlesBrowse by organizationBrowse special topic issues

close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on farming systems research and development
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on integrated systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroecology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agrometeorology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroforestry
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on homegardens
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on seed production
close this folderAbstracts on plant protection
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the document1. Designing integrated pest management for sustainable and productive futures.
View the document2. Biotechnology's bitter harvest: herbicide-tolerant crops and the threat to sustainable agriculture.
View the document3. Chemistry, agriculture and the environment.
View the document4. Mise au point de techniques appropriées de lir qui seront utilisés par les petits agriculteurs traditionnels d'Afrique tropicale.(developing appropriate ipm technology for the traditional small-scale farmer in tropical Africa).
View the document5. Biological control in developing countries: towards its wider application in sustainable pest management.
View the document6. Transforming plants as a means of crop protection against insects.
View the document7. Utilization of va-mycorrhiza as a factor in integrated plant protection.
View the document8. Activity of four plant leaf extracts against three fungal pathogens of rice.
View the document9. A useful approach to the biocontrol of cassava pathogens.
View the document10. Evaluation of the biological activity of flax as a trap crop against orobanche parasitism of vicia faba.
View the document11. Insect pest management.
View the document12. Economic contributions of pest management to agricultural development.
View the document13. The effects of intercropping and mixed varieties of predators and parasitoids of cassava whiteflies (hemiptera: aleyrodidae) in Colombia.
View the document14. Prospects for traditional and cultural practices in integrated pest management of some root crop diseases in rivers state, Nigeria.
View the document15. Studies on cowpea farming practices in nigeria, with emphasis on insect pest control.
View the document16. Effect of various fertilizers and rates on insect pest/pearl millet relationship in Senegal.
View the document17. Insect pests of intercrops and their potential to infest oil palm in an oil-palm-based agroforestry system in India.
View the document18. Using weather data to forecast insect pest outbreaks.
View the document19. Insect pest management and socio-economic circumstances of small-scale farmers for food crop production in western Kenya: a case study.
View the document20. Rodent communities associated with three traditional agroecosystems in the San Luis potosi plateau, Mexico.
View the document21. Grain storage losses in Zimbabwe.
View the document22. Controlling weeds without chemicals.
View the document23. Weed management in agroecosystems: ecological approaches.
View the document24. Manual on the prevention of post-harvest grain losses.
View the document25. Evaluation of efficient weed management systems in pigeonpea (cajanus cajan l.)
View the document26. Weed management in a low-input cropping system in the Peruvian Amazon region.
View the document27. Poblaciones, biomasa y banco de semillas de arvenses en cultivos de maiz zea mays l. Y frijol phaseolus vulgaris l. Efecto de m+todos de control y rotaciones. (Weed population, biomass, and seed bank in maize and bean crops. Effects of control methods and crop rotations).
View the document28. Effects of groundnut, cowpea and melon on weed control and yields of intercropped cassava and maize.
View the document29. Intercropping and weeding: effects on some natural enemies of African bollworm, heliothis armigera (hbn.) (lep., Noctuidae), in bean fields.
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on water management
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on soil fertility
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on erosion and desertification control
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands

15. Studies on cowpea farming practices in nigeria, with emphasis on insect pest control.

Trop. Pest Management, 37, (1), 1991, pp. 71-74

This survey was undertaken to gain an insight into current farming practices for cowpea, and to understand farmers' perceptions of the impact of insects on cowpea production, thus facilitating the development of appropriate IPM strategies that would be economic, efficient and feasible.

Cowpea was grown on smallholdings, mostly as an intercrop. In the intercrop plots the proportion of cowpea was mostly below 50%; it was grown either for grain or fodder or both. Most of the grains were for household consumption and the small excess sold in the market. Cowpea haulm was used as fodder for feeding animals and livestock. This would suggest that cowpea as currently grown is a secondary crop requiring low inputs.

There is a large deficit for cowpea grains, particularly in southern

Nigeria where it is an important component of human diets. This deficit is offset by imports from the north, and from neighbouring countries such as Chad, Cameroun and Niger. Cowpea can be grown throughout Nigeria, and the potential for increasing yields on farmers' fields is enormous. A major constraint limiting grain yields was identified by the farmers as insect pests. But the farmers were incapable of taking positive action against the pests for various reasons. These included lack of capital to purchase costly inputs, access to improved seeds with some levels of resistance to insect pests, and lack of education on pest problems and control measures. Therefore, a rational pest control approach should be integrative and include:


- educating the farmers about available control tactics;

- identifying and developing IPM strategies that are low cost;

- creating an awareness in regional administrations of the necessity for IPM inputs to be readily available and affordable.

Most of the farmers interviewed planted their cowpea as intercrops with other food crops. The majority of farmers were unaware of the beneficial implications this may have for insect pest management. If cowpea production remains at subsistence level, with low inputs, farmers should be encouraged to continue with this cropping system, i.e. intercropping.

In Minjibirr, 80% of the farmers interviewed reported that cowpea was grown for fodder to feed cattle and livestock. In the Sudan savannah, with little and infrequent rainfail, vegetation for livestock feed is hard to get. The inhabitants in this area keep large herds of livestock and wander over long distances in search of feed during the dry periods.

Therefore, fodder from crop residues is very important for the inhabitants. The emphasis on fodder in this area is in conflict with IPM practices aimed at increasing grain production. Several workers have shown that cowpea plants become more vegetative as a result of insect attack in the early growth stages. Hence, more fodder is produced when the plants are damaged by insect pests. Therefore, in breeding cowpea cultivars for this area, emphasis should be on dual purpose for both grains and fodder, and pest control strategies should focus less on reducing direct insect damage. The focus should be on selecting cultivars with ability to compensate vegetatively for damage, and also translate some of their compensatory vegetation into grain yields, thus providing moderate fodder and grain yields. The farmers' preference for early-maturing cowpea in this area minimizes crop hazards resulting from the sparse and erratic rainfall.

1209 92 - 10/136

Plant protection

Africa, Senegal, field trial, pearl millet, insect pests, fertilizer, FAO, USAID, CILSS


to previous section to next section

[Ukrainian]  [English]  [Russian]