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close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on farming systems research and development
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on integrated systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroecology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agrometeorology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroforestry
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on homegardens
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on seed production
close this folderAbstracts on plant protection
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the document1. Designing integrated pest management for sustainable and productive futures.
View the document2. Biotechnology's bitter harvest: herbicide-tolerant crops and the threat to sustainable agriculture.
View the document3. Chemistry, agriculture and the environment.
View the document4. Mise au point de techniques appropriées de lir qui seront utilisés par les petits agriculteurs traditionnels d'Afrique tropicale.(developing appropriate ipm technology for the traditional small-scale farmer in tropical Africa).
View the document5. Biological control in developing countries: towards its wider application in sustainable pest management.
View the document6. Transforming plants as a means of crop protection against insects.
View the document7. Utilization of va-mycorrhiza as a factor in integrated plant protection.
View the document8. Activity of four plant leaf extracts against three fungal pathogens of rice.
View the document9. A useful approach to the biocontrol of cassava pathogens.
View the document10. Evaluation of the biological activity of flax as a trap crop against orobanche parasitism of vicia faba.
View the document11. Insect pest management.
View the document12. Economic contributions of pest management to agricultural development.
View the document13. The effects of intercropping and mixed varieties of predators and parasitoids of cassava whiteflies (hemiptera: aleyrodidae) in Colombia.
View the document14. Prospects for traditional and cultural practices in integrated pest management of some root crop diseases in rivers state, Nigeria.
View the document15. Studies on cowpea farming practices in nigeria, with emphasis on insect pest control.
View the document16. Effect of various fertilizers and rates on insect pest/pearl millet relationship in Senegal.
View the document17. Insect pests of intercrops and their potential to infest oil palm in an oil-palm-based agroforestry system in India.
View the document18. Using weather data to forecast insect pest outbreaks.
View the document19. Insect pest management and socio-economic circumstances of small-scale farmers for food crop production in western Kenya: a case study.
View the document20. Rodent communities associated with three traditional agroecosystems in the San Luis potosi plateau, Mexico.
View the document21. Grain storage losses in Zimbabwe.
View the document22. Controlling weeds without chemicals.
View the document23. Weed management in agroecosystems: ecological approaches.
View the document24. Manual on the prevention of post-harvest grain losses.
View the document25. Evaluation of efficient weed management systems in pigeonpea (cajanus cajan l.)
View the document26. Weed management in a low-input cropping system in the Peruvian Amazon region.
View the document27. Poblaciones, biomasa y banco de semillas de arvenses en cultivos de maiz zea mays l. Y frijol phaseolus vulgaris l. Efecto de m+todos de control y rotaciones. (Weed population, biomass, and seed bank in maize and bean crops. Effects of control methods and crop rotations).
View the document28. Effects of groundnut, cowpea and melon on weed control and yields of intercropped cassava and maize.
View the document29. Intercropping and weeding: effects on some natural enemies of African bollworm, heliothis armigera (hbn.) (lep., Noctuidae), in bean fields.
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on water management
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on soil fertility
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on erosion and desertification control
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands

3. Chemistry, agriculture and the environment.

Publ. of The Royal Society of Chemistry; Thomas Graham House, Science

Park, Cambridge CB4 4WF; ISBN 0-85186-228-4, 1991, 527 pp.

The aims of 'Chemistry, Agriculture and the Environment' are to highlight the essential role of chemistry in evaluating the usage of chemicals in agriculture and their effects on the environment.

The advent of chemical fertilizers leading to improved crop yields and the use of pesticides to protect and control agricultural products was heralded as a major breakthrough in the decades following the war. The problems associated with these developments then became apparent. The impact on the environment was seen to be widespread and led to a very close control in the use of these chemicals, within certain instances the complete banning of their use.

This book reviews the current status of the inter-dependence of the chemistry and ecotoxicity of agrochemicals and related substances. The book brings together the related chemistry and other sciences which are necessary in the multi-disciplinary approach required in minimizing the risk of the use of these chemicals. It explains the problems and their implication for the environment and for human and animal health, and how these problems may be alleviated or overcome.

The emphasis is on a critical assessment with a recognition of the advantages and disadvantages involved. This will help to elucidate the general debate concerning the use of chemicals in agriculture with a true recognition of the difficulties associated with the environment.

The text does provide a very useful insight into many of these problems and in so doing gives a very valuable overview of this very difficult but important interface.

The editors have attempted to minimize overlap between chapters.

However, in dealing with such important topics as: pollution of the biosphere from gaseous emissions; water, nitrates and pesticides; soil pollution from substances as diverse as silage, animal slurries, pesticides; effects on non-target species; and control measures, some overlap is inevitable. Such repetition should enhance the contents of the book in view of the various and diverse experiences expressed by the authors from such countries as Eastern and Western Europe, the United States of America, Costa Rica, India, China, Israel, Nigeria, etc.

Assessment of risk to the environment from the use of agrochemicals is the outcome of a series of processes involving risk identification, estimation, evaluation, and subsequent effective management. It is a matter to be considered seriously by all those having responsibility for producing or handling these chemicals, ranging from those synthesizing agrochemicals to those applying such chemicals to soil or crops; in addition such applicators must also be aware of the potential harmful effects from natural products such as manure, silage, and from straw burning.

Use must be made of the information available in this book, particularly on the underlying chemistry, to minimize any harm and also to understand the mechanisms involved.

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Plant protection

Review, field trials, Africa, integrated plant protection, small-scale farmer, problem areas, plant protection strategies, plant resistance, biological control, traditional methods, varities


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