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close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on farming systems research and development
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on integrated systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroecology
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Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroforestry
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close this folderAbstracts on soil fertility
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the document1. Soil constraints on sustainable plant production in the tropics.
View the document2. Impact of agricultural practices on soil pollution.
View the document3. The use of organic biostimulants to help low input sustainable agriculture.
View the document4. Nitrogen cycling in high-input versus reduced-input arable farming.
View the document5. Green manure in rice farming.
View the document6. Role of green manure in low-input farming in the humid tropics.
View the document7. Green manuring with vetch on acid soil in the highland region of Rwanda.
View the document8. Tropical lowland rice response to preceding crops, organic manures and nitrogen fertilizer.
View the document9. Pearl millet and cowpea yields in sole and intercrop systems, and their after-effects on soil and crop productivity.
View the document10. Influence of some characteristics of bean seed and seedlings on the tolerance to low phosphorus availability in the soil. (Infuencia de algunas caracteristicas de las semillas y plantulas de frijol Phaseolus vulgaris L. sobre la tolerancia a la baja disponibilidad de fósforo en el suelo )
View the document11. Evaluation of diverse effects of phosphate application on legumes of arid areas.
View the document12. Effect of n and p fertilizers on sustainability of pigeonpea and sorghum systems in sole and intercropping.
View the document13. Efficient fertilizer use in acid upland soils of the humid tropics.
View the document14. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza management.
View the document15. Impact of tropical va mycorrhizae on growth promotion of cajanus cajan as influenced by p sources and p levels.
View the document16. Benefit and cost analysis and phosphorus efficiency of va mycorrhizal fungi colonizations with sorghum (sorghum bicolor) genotypes grown at varied phosphorus levels.
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on erosion and desertification control
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands
 

3. The use of organic biostimulants to help low input sustainable agriculture.

Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 1, (2), 1991, pp. 19-42

Organic farming maintains soil quality better and reduces contamination of air, water, soil, and final food products, but much research is needed to determine how to maximize the integration of organic practices.

Methods of increasing fertilizer efficiency must be investigated.

The approach to increasing crop productivity is the development of non-polluting organic biostimulants. These compounds increase plant growth and vigor through increased efficiency of nutrient and water uptake. Definitions for biostimulants vary greatly and there are still some arguments surrounding these compounds. However they are defined as on-fertilizer products which have a beneficial effect on plant growth.

Many of these biostimulant materials are natural products that contain no added chemicals or synthetic plant growth regulators. The initial empirical image of these compounds is changing.

An overview of some of the individual components of the biostimulant blend is given in this paper.

Studies were aimed to test different concentrations (dilutions) of the biostimulant.

Research at the Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies has developed, a new biostimulant (ROOTS). The product consists of a mix of humic acids, algae extracts, a non-hormonal reductant plant metabolite, and vitamins. This blend greatly increases root and top growth of plants, while decreasing fertilizer requirements up to 50% in a number of species (coffee, several grass species, pines, Douglas-fir, Gliricidia). The biostimulant also increases resistance to low soil water potential and possibly residual herbicides in soil.

The organic biostimulant, ROOTS, seems to offer a significant opportunity to increase plant growth, according to findings from current university research and field trials. Improved root and shoot growth, better root growth potential, and better stress resistance seem to be consistent with other results. The most important possibility for the future of this organic biostimulant, may be its ability to cut down chemical fertilizer without affecting growth. Preliminary research showed that in the presence of the biostimulant, coffee seedlings treated with the half amount of fertilizer yielded the same shoot biomass and higher root biomass than those fully fertilized.

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Soil fertility

Europe, Netherlands, field study, high input agriculture, low external input agriculture, nitrogen cycling, nitrogen balance, nitrogen mineralization, nitrogen immobilization, denitrification, microbial biomass

VAN FASSEN, H.G. and G. LEBBINK

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