6. Conclusions of the national symposium on new crops - exploration, research, commercialization.
Report of the Second Nat. Symposium on New Crops, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, 1991, 10 p.; Report prepared for GTZ
This Symposium provided a national forum for leading authorities from industry, government, agricultural experiment stations, and academia to discuss the status and future of new crops development. Lectures and panel discussions provided overviews and detailed analyses on a wide range of new crops, including cereals and pseudocereals, forages and grains, oilseeds, fiber and energy crops, fruits, vegetables, floral and landscape plants, and aromatics and medicinals.
The objectives of the Symposium were to:
- determine the status of new crops research and development nationally and internationally;
The Symposium featured seven technical sessions on the following topics:
- New crops: policy and politics
New, alternative or underutilized crops were examined which have potential for enhanced production and utilization. Research into these crops may also discover new useful products.
A "new or an alternative crop is either a species new to a region, such as amaranth, adzuki beans, or blueberries, or an existing crop such as millet, buckwheat, or broccoli, which shows increased economic promise".
Plants not only provide food for man and his domestic animals, but also pharmaceutical products and raw materials for industry. Fewer than 20 of more than 13,000 known food plants provide the bulk of man's food needs.
Accelerating population growth, ecological hazards and changes in market supply and demand make it necessary for scientists both to maintain a constant search for improved varieties of the major crops and to diversify production by developing locally grown but underutilized crop plants.
Crop diversification is increasingly recognized as important to the American farm economy. However, much of the potential of presently underutilized crops is not realized because of lack of appropriate research and information on the utilization and marketing of plant products.
The following crops are evaluated internationally, grouped into five categories, based on the primary use of each crop:
- grain crops
The development of new crops involves botany, agronomy, forestry, horticulture and market forces to push a potential crop. An interdisciplinary approach is necessary to address the many - faceted problems facing the introduction of a new crop.
In order to speed up this introduction process "New Crop Centers" have been established in the United States.
For example the "Center for Alternative Plant and Animal Products (CAPAP)" was created to aid in the development of new and alternative crop and livestock enterprises. The Center provides at the University of Minnesota focus for generating, receiving and evaluating new product ideas, facilitating alternative product research and development efforts, and disseminating information to the public on alternative plant and animal products.
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Review, book, developing countries, aquatic weeds, integrated systems, herbivorous animals, soil additives, animal feeds, fiber products, energy, wastewater treatment, food
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