13. Social and human dimensions of agricultural development in africa in the perspective of the year 2000 (dimensions sociales et humaines du developpement agricole de l'Afrique dans la perspective de l'an 2000. ).
In: Agriculture in the Year 2000 - The Case of ACP-Countries; Proc. of an Int. Forum: Green Government and CTA, Netherlands, ISBN 92-9081-0440, 1990, pp. 99-104
A theoretical analysis of this phenomenon has already shown that the economic - technological approach to development is insufficient if there is no concurrent reference to the socio-political framework, because development efforts are essentially social actions geared to a certain type of society which they are trying to change.
Experience has shown how important the above mentioned dimensions are since they are decisive for development, particularly in agricultural regions of a traditional nature, as is the case in Africa.
With other words, in every development effort in sub-Saharan countries, the social and, more generally, the human dimensions of the undertaking constitute a fundamental problem. In agricultural areas, and taking into account the specific local context, these aspects constitute a key problem.
And yet, the social and human factors are always more or less neglected, at the same time, nearly all the attention is focused on the financial, technological and technocratic factors.
The author explains that it is thus impossible to speak specifically about social and human dimensions of agricultural developement as evidenced by the historical reality of each African country.
The only thing that is attempted, is to try to approach the problem within the context of an abstract socio-political model of a qualitative nature elaborated in stages and based on common or related features of the countries in question. The practical utility of such a model lies in the fact that it represents a reference value. By comparing the model with the situation prevailing in a given country differences and similarities to the model enables observations on the fabric and internal dynamics of the social structures of the country. Furthermore by comparing the existing social structures of the society in question with the social infrastructure dictated by the chosen type of development, it is possible to ascertain discrepancies and identify the necessary measures to be taken in order to reconcile the two.
Such an attempt calls for a multi-dimensioned analysis.
The levels of observation and analysis necessary to the construction of an integrated rural development model in Africa are described.
This model emphasizes the distance between North and South which is increasing. If this gap is not closed, not only will the misery of poor nations persist, but there will be greater danger for world peace through new wars.
The theoretical sociological model of their current development conditions which has been described allows:
- a description of their deficiencies and needs which have to be faced, from the sociological angle,
The planning must prescribe measures for the development of every sector of life, as well as measures for the appropriate combination of their dynamics.
This paper is rather theoretical and the whole effort described above is difficult to accomplish.
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