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close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
close this folderAbstracts on farming systems research and development
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the document1. Using indigenous knowledge in agricultural development.
View the document2. On-farm sustainable agriculture research: lessons from the past, directions for the future.
View the document3. A manual for culturally-adapted market research (cmr) in the development process.
View the document4. Environmentally compatible agricultural development. Resource, food and income security as a task for development and structural policy.
View the document5. The economics of sustainable agriculture: adding a downstream perspective.
View the document6. Monitoring and evaluation in the management of agricultural research.
View the document7. Sustainable institutions for african agricultural development.
View the document8. Human resource management for national agricultural research: lessons from ISNAR's experience.
View the document9. A conceptual framework for studying the links between agricultural research and technology transfer in developing countries.
View the document10. Linkages between on-farm research and extension in nine countries.
View the document11. Resource-poor farmer participation in research: a synthesis of experiences from nine national agricultural research systems.
View the document12. Organization and management of field activities in on-farm research: A review of experience in nine countries.
View the document13. Social and human dimensions of agricultural development in africa in the perspective of the year 2000 (dimensions sociales et humaines du developpement agricole de l'Afrique dans la perspective de l'an 2000. ).
View the document14. Nature and society.
View the document15. Development of fragile lands: theory and practice.
View the document16. Agricultural research networks as development tools: views of a network coordinator.
View the document17. Measures of protection: methodology, economic interpretation and policy relevance.
View the document18. Women in development in southern africa; an annotated bibliography.
View the document19. Women in development: a resource guide for organization and action.
View the document20. Income generation and african rural women: choice or mere neglect.
View the document21. Accelerating technology transfer by means of atta (advanced technologies in traditional agriculture).
View the document22. Projects with people: the practice of participation in rural development.
View the document23. Technological innovations in latin american agriculture.
View the document24. Agricultural compendium - for rural development in the tropics and subtropics.
View the document25. Guidelines for designing development projects to benefit the rural poor.
View the document26. Participatory education and grassroots development: the case of rural appalachia.
View the document27. Approaches that work in rural development: emerging trends, participatory methods and local initiatives.
View the document28. Participatory rapid rural appraisal in wollo: peasant association planning for natural resource management.
View the document29. Farmers' knowledge of agricultural practices: a sri lankan experience.
View the document30. The sustainability of the impact of the integrated rural development programme (irdp) zambia/nw-province.
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on integrated systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroecology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agrometeorology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroforestry
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on homegardens
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on seed production
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on plant protection
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on water management
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Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on erosion and desertification control
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands

1. Using indigenous knowledge in agricultural development.

World Bank Discussion Papers 127, Washington, D.C., USA,
ISBN 0-8213-1884-5, 1991, 34 p. + references

The success of a development project often depends on local participation. Familiarity with indigenous knowledge can help change agents understand and communicate with local people, enhancing the possibilities for participatory and sustainable approaches to development. This enables project staff and local people to work as partners in planning and implementing development activities.

This paper reviews three types of project scenarios: projects where local knowledge provided an improved approach to managing natural resources than proposed project technologies, projects that inadvertently ignored indigenous structures, and those projects whose success at meeting their objectives can be linked to the incorporation of indigenous knowledge components.

The World Bank, as well as numerous other development agencies, has been actively seeking ways of ensuring participatory decision-making, strengthening development capacity at the individual and institutional levels, and assuring long-term sustainability of the development process.

Ethnic groups in dozens of ecological zones have generated a vast body of indigenous natural-resource management and agricultural knowlege.

Collectively they represent a dynamic information base that has supported an immense population by adapting to constantly changing circumstances. These indigenous knowledge systems have been largely ignored in many developing countries.

Indigenous knowledge is a knowledge that is unique to a given culture or society. It is the basis for local-level decision-making in agriculture, health care, food preparation, education, natural-resource management, and a host of other activities in rural communities. Such knowledge is passed down from generation to generation, in many societies by word of mouth.

Indigenous technologies used effectively by one society can be used to solve problems faced by another society in a similar agroecosystem located in another part of the world.

Research indicates that the farmers' decisions to reject an innovation are often rational when viewed through the indigenous system.

Indigenous knowledge should result in an improved development, such as the higher incomes resulting from increased crop production due to better soil and water conservation resulting, f.e. from the use of Vetiveria grass.

Several types of indigenous knowledge and decision-making that are useful for development are outlined in this paper:


- Mixed cropping and forest gardens
- Indigenous technical knowledge of tree management
- The role of indigenous organizations in decision-making for development
- The management of common property natural resources
- Incorporating farmers' knowledge in international rice research
- Ethnoveterinary medicine
- Indigenous crop pest management
- Agriculture in Iowa

There are several key areas where development agencies can take a leading role in promoting use of indigenous knowledge for development.

These include support to systematically record and preserve indigenous knowledge for development efforts at national resource centers, provide training opportunities to incorporate indigenous knowledge components into educational institutions, conduct participatory research on indigenous knowledge systems, and establish systems for global networking and electronic exchange of indigenous knowledge. The following suggestions are discussed in more detail in this paper.


- Biodiversity and indigenous knowledge
- Global network of indigenous knowledge resource centers
- Research on indigenous knowledge systems
- Global networking for indigenous knowledge and development

Particulary global networking as carried out f.e. by ILEIA is an important method to incorporate indigenous knowledge systems and enhance the technology transfer.

1040 92 - 2/124

Farming systems research and development

Review, on-farm research, case studies, surveys, USA, sustainable agriculture, low-input systems, strategies, holistic approach, sustainable practices, sample selection procedures

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