20. Income generation and african rural women: choice or mere neglect.
In: FAO Economic and Social Development Series No. 44, FAO, Rome, Italy, 1988, pp. 143-154
This article aims to examine the economic outlook and conditions of rural areas in Africa, with particular attention to the income/employment and attitudes of women. It explores those critical issues that deal with the continuing and long-term impact of unemployment and underemployment and poverty, as well as examining those forces that play a part in the development of the rural woman's image and status.
Women in Africa actively pursue economic endeavours in related farm-and non-farm activities to supplement the little they receive from farming.
Women's rural non-farm activities are generally aimed at income or employment generation and are visible all over the continent. Trading and marketing constitute two key areas of these economic pursuits.
Modern economic parameters have assigned women to inferior placements in the rural framework, primarily as a result of the process of modernization.
In addition to the obstacles of modernization, limited access to land and related resources; lack of control over their own labour; and lack of mobility because of family responsibilities and social and cultural restrictions have to be mentioned.
A set of recommendations for income-generating projects are mentioned:
- It is essential for women to change their attitudes and venture into more lucrative areas that are at present taboo.
Grass-roots training should be given priority.
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