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close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
close this folderAbstracts on farming systems research and development
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the document1. Using indigenous knowledge in agricultural development.
View the document2. On-farm sustainable agriculture research: lessons from the past, directions for the future.
View the document3. A manual for culturally-adapted market research (cmr) in the development process.
View the document4. Environmentally compatible agricultural development. Resource, food and income security as a task for development and structural policy.
View the document5. The economics of sustainable agriculture: adding a downstream perspective.
View the document6. Monitoring and evaluation in the management of agricultural research.
View the document7. Sustainable institutions for african agricultural development.
View the document8. Human resource management for national agricultural research: lessons from ISNAR's experience.
View the document9. A conceptual framework for studying the links between agricultural research and technology transfer in developing countries.
View the document10. Linkages between on-farm research and extension in nine countries.
View the document11. Resource-poor farmer participation in research: a synthesis of experiences from nine national agricultural research systems.
View the document12. Organization and management of field activities in on-farm research: A review of experience in nine countries.
View the document13. Social and human dimensions of agricultural development in africa in the perspective of the year 2000 (dimensions sociales et humaines du developpement agricole de l'Afrique dans la perspective de l'an 2000. ).
View the document14. Nature and society.
View the document15. Development of fragile lands: theory and practice.
View the document16. Agricultural research networks as development tools: views of a network coordinator.
View the document17. Measures of protection: methodology, economic interpretation and policy relevance.
View the document18. Women in development in southern africa; an annotated bibliography.
View the document19. Women in development: a resource guide for organization and action.
View the document20. Income generation and african rural women: choice or mere neglect.
View the document21. Accelerating technology transfer by means of atta (advanced technologies in traditional agriculture).
View the document22. Projects with people: the practice of participation in rural development.
View the document23. Technological innovations in latin american agriculture.
View the document24. Agricultural compendium - for rural development in the tropics and subtropics.
View the document25. Guidelines for designing development projects to benefit the rural poor.
View the document26. Participatory education and grassroots development: the case of rural appalachia.
View the document27. Approaches that work in rural development: emerging trends, participatory methods and local initiatives.
View the document28. Participatory rapid rural appraisal in wollo: peasant association planning for natural resource management.
View the document29. Farmers' knowledge of agricultural practices: a sri lankan experience.
View the document30. The sustainability of the impact of the integrated rural development programme (irdp) zambia/nw-province.
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on integrated systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroecology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agrometeorology
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Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on homegardens
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23. Technological innovations in latin american agriculture.

Program Papers Series No. 4 of the Inter-American Institute for Coop. on Agriculture (IICA), San Jos_, Costa Rica; ISSN 0046-0028; 1987, 86 pp + appendices

This paper discusses some of the issues in the field of biotechnology within the context of the debt crisis in Latin America and its effects on the region's agricultural sectors. In analyzing the issues, the authors highlight their effects on the behaviour of the region's technological systems. More important, they also point out their implications in terms of the agricultural technology policy options open to Latin American countries at this time.

This report is written to identify a feasible strategy that attributes to agriculture a key role in the reactivation of the Latin American economies and, to technical change, a key role as an important source of growth and of dynamic comparative advantages.

The paper is organized as follows:


- Technological discontinuities: Adjustment to the crisis and biotechnology

- Latin American agriculture in the context of the debt crisis

- Technological change in Latin American agriculture

- Public sector research

- Role and performance of the private sector

- The biotechnological revolution

- Implications for agricultural technology in Latin America

In more detail the paper starts by reviewing in Part 2 the implications of the debt crisis for Latin American agriculture, most particularly for market prices and government expenditures. The authors then analyze in Part 3 the past patterns of the rate and bias of technological change, contrasting the periods before and since the beginning of the debt crisis. In Part 4, they look at the organization of public sector research and how it has been affected by the crisis. Part 5 is devoted to the role of several agents in the private sector in the generation, transfer, and diffusion of technological change. This includes input suppliers on the side of backward linkages, agroindustries on the side of forward linkages, and producers' associations. Finally, in Part 6 the authors identify several major features of the biotechnology revolution and discuss how they create both opportunities for and threats to Latin American agriculture. Finally the paper concludes in Part 7 with a number of important policy implications.

Concluding, there is little question that biotechnology will transform agriculture in the next 30 years.

Because biotechnology will speed up the technological treadmill, increase production, and put downward pressure on prices, peasants will become increasingly marginal producers without assistance.

Biotechnology will not solve the social problems of Latin American agriculture; unless considerable effort is given to mitigating its impact, it will clearly worsen inequality, flowing only to those who can afford to adopt it.

For technology to play its role and contribute effectively to agricultural development and economic growth, action is required in terms of policy design as well as funding, organization and management of the technological process.

1062 92 - 2/146

Farming systems research and development

Review, reference book, agricultural compendium, tropics, subtropics

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