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close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
close this folderAbstracts on farming systems research and development
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the document1. Using indigenous knowledge in agricultural development.
View the document2. On-farm sustainable agriculture research: lessons from the past, directions for the future.
View the document3. A manual for culturally-adapted market research (cmr) in the development process.
View the document4. Environmentally compatible agricultural development. Resource, food and income security as a task for development and structural policy.
View the document5. The economics of sustainable agriculture: adding a downstream perspective.
View the document6. Monitoring and evaluation in the management of agricultural research.
View the document7. Sustainable institutions for african agricultural development.
View the document8. Human resource management for national agricultural research: lessons from ISNAR's experience.
View the document9. A conceptual framework for studying the links between agricultural research and technology transfer in developing countries.
View the document10. Linkages between on-farm research and extension in nine countries.
View the document11. Resource-poor farmer participation in research: a synthesis of experiences from nine national agricultural research systems.
View the document12. Organization and management of field activities in on-farm research: A review of experience in nine countries.
View the document13. Social and human dimensions of agricultural development in africa in the perspective of the year 2000 (dimensions sociales et humaines du developpement agricole de l'Afrique dans la perspective de l'an 2000. ).
View the document14. Nature and society.
View the document15. Development of fragile lands: theory and practice.
View the document16. Agricultural research networks as development tools: views of a network coordinator.
View the document17. Measures of protection: methodology, economic interpretation and policy relevance.
View the document18. Women in development in southern africa; an annotated bibliography.
View the document19. Women in development: a resource guide for organization and action.
View the document20. Income generation and african rural women: choice or mere neglect.
View the document21. Accelerating technology transfer by means of atta (advanced technologies in traditional agriculture).
View the document22. Projects with people: the practice of participation in rural development.
View the document23. Technological innovations in latin american agriculture.
View the document24. Agricultural compendium - for rural development in the tropics and subtropics.
View the document25. Guidelines for designing development projects to benefit the rural poor.
View the document26. Participatory education and grassroots development: the case of rural appalachia.
View the document27. Approaches that work in rural development: emerging trends, participatory methods and local initiatives.
View the document28. Participatory rapid rural appraisal in wollo: peasant association planning for natural resource management.
View the document29. Farmers' knowledge of agricultural practices: a sri lankan experience.
View the document30. The sustainability of the impact of the integrated rural development programme (irdp) zambia/nw-province.
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on integrated systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroecology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agrometeorology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroforestry
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on homegardens
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on seed production
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on plant protection
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on water management
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on soil fertility
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on erosion and desertification control
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands

25. Guidelines for designing development projects to benefit the rural poor.

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy; 1986, 76 pp. + annex

The overriding objective of development initiatives is to generate self-sustaining improvement in human capabilities and welfare. This task has proved difficult, especially when development investments are to benefit economically, socially, and politically disadvantaged people in rural areas, as mandated by the World Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (WCARRD).

Empirical evidence proves that rural development projects with high degrees of organization and participation at the local level are more successful in accomplishing their objectives than those that lack these characteristics. Therefore, the participation of the rural poor in project design and implementation, as well as in monitoring and evaluation, has been given substantial scope in these guidelines.

These guidelines are not meant to provide an universally applicable blueprint for poverty-oriented rural development projects.

These guidelines are directed at the design of rural development projects.

These guidelines have been prepared to help implement the WCARRD policy framework and Programme of Action. For that reason, individuals will find them particularly useful in countries where governments are already committed to the WCARRD Programme of Action.

The primary WCARRD goal is to improve the standard of living and the quality of life of the rural poor in a self-sustaining manner. This entails generating improvements in human capability and well-being, without nurturing dependence on external assistance. The WCARRD policy framework recognizes that long-term economic progress will not occur without the full involvement and commitment of the rural poor themselves. They constitute a major resource for development.

The need for this manual is demonstrated by evaluations of agricultural and rural development projects. These evaluations show the frequent failure of project designs to identify the intended beneficiaries adequately or to adapt project activities to local conditions. The designs also often lack either realistic implementation plans or adequate monitoring and evaluation systems. These design problems usually result in serious implementation problems and a failure to achieve the desired long-term benefits.

In this sense, these guidelines are a complement to the "UNDP Guidelines on Project Formulation" which give less attention to people's participation, target group identification, alleviation of rural poverty, and the process approach.

This manual is organized as follows:


- Purposes of the guidelines
- Defining rural development projects
- Applying these design guidelines to different types of projects
- Identifying the target groups
- Critical elements in projects that benefit the rural poor
- The "process approach" to project design and development
- Functions of a good project design
- The steps to follow
- Specifying project objectives
- Specifying project components
- Determining project management and organizational arrangements
- Structuring the project design
- Phasing project interventions
- Relating project analysis to key feasibility issues
- Preparing a realistic implementation plan
- Designing a monitoring and evaluation system

These guidelines are most relevant for projects that intervene directly to help rural people in specific geographic areas. These range from sector-specific projects, such as the testing of new seed varieties, to large-scale multi-sector projects.

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Farming systems research and development

USA, case study, participatory education, grassroots development, regional development strategy, rural economic crisis, alternative strategy, IIED

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