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close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on farming systems research and development
close this folderAbstracts on integrated systems
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the document1. Intensive sustainable livestock production: an alternative to tropical deforestation.
View the document2. Utilization of the african giant land snail in the humid area of nigeria.
View the document3. Important issues of small-holder livestock sector worldwide.
View the document4. Small ruminant production in developing countries.
View the document5. Microlivestock little-known small animals with a promising economic future.
View the document6. Assisting African livestock keepers.
View the document7. Deer farming.
View the document8. Economic constraints on sheep and goat production in developing countries.
View the document9. Sheep. Pigs.
View the document10. Strategies to increase sheep production in East Africa.
View the document11. Alternatives to imported compound feeds for growing pigs in solomon islands.
View the document12. Economic analysis of on-farm dairy animal research and its relevance to development.
View the document13. Grazing management: science into practice.
View the document14. Fish-farming in sub-Saharan Africa: case studies in the francophone countries - proposals for future action.
View the document15. Research and education for the development of integrated crop-livestock-fish farming systems in the tropics.
View the document16. Goats/fish integrated farming in the philippines.
View the document17. The sustainability of aquaculture as a farm enterprise in Rwanda.
View the document18. Double-cropping malaysian prawns, macrobrachium rosenbergii, and red swamp crawfish, procambarus clarkii.
View the document19. Rice/fish farming in Malaysia: a resource optimization
View the document20. Biotechnology in fishfarms: integrated farming or transgenic fish?
View the document21. Agricultural engineering in the development: tillage for crop production in areas of low rainfall.
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroecology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agrometeorology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroforestry
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on homegardens
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on seed production
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on plant protection
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on water management
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Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on erosion and desertification control
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands
 

12. Economic analysis of on-farm dairy animal research and its relevance to development.

In Proc. of on-farm animal research/extension and its economic analysis; Winrock Int. Inst. for Agric. Development, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; 1987, pp. 45-52

An economic analysis of on-farm research trials conducted in India on crossbred cows and fodder crops on rural farms was done.

Figures indicate a wide gap between availability of and need for milk in the country.

Low production and per capita availability of milk in the country are due to poor productivity of milk animals, which can be attributed to poor genetic potential, poor nutrition, widespread disease, and lack of organized marketing and credit facilities. The average annual milk yields of Indian cattle and buffalo are only 181 kg and 438 kg, respectively.

To improve animal productivity and increase milk production, concerted research and extension are needed.

Results showed the economic viability and superiority of crossbred cows over animals kept by the rural households. Three crossbred cows kept on an acre of irrigated land generated net and family labor incomes of Rs. 1,345 and Rs. 2,772 per cow per annum, respectively. A three plot system of fodder production on small farms gave an average yield of 61,803 kg green fodder which was sufficient to feed four adult crossbred cows in one year. This indicates that three crossbred cows can be maintained profitably on one acre if intensive fodder crop rotations are followed.

Highest average yields were obtained from a multi-cut mixture of fodder crops like sweet sudan, cowpea, teosinte, sorghum and pearl millet sown in summer (5,316 kg/ha) and berseem + mustard in winter (7,835 kg/ha).

The analysis revealed that on-farm trials can help small farmers in selecting fodder crops for economical milk production.

Dairy farming that uses high-yielding animals and scientific practices has great potential to increase income and employment levels; therefore, on-farm research trials are important for disseminating new innovations and technology to the farmers.

One can conclude that the technology demonstrated through on-farm research trials was technically feasible and economically remunerative and it can uplift the poor of India.

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Integrated systems

Review, book, UK, New Zealand, grazing management, grasslands, animal production, animal feed, low-input systems, herbage intake, grazing methods, sward monitoring, enterprise planning

HODGSON, J.

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