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close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts On Traditional Land-Use Systems
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on farming systems research and development
close this folderAbstracts on integrated systems
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the document1. Intensive sustainable livestock production: an alternative to tropical deforestation.
View the document2. Utilization of the african giant land snail in the humid area of nigeria.
View the document3. Important issues of small-holder livestock sector worldwide.
View the document4. Small ruminant production in developing countries.
View the document5. Microlivestock little-known small animals with a promising economic future.
View the document6. Assisting African livestock keepers.
View the document7. Deer farming.
View the document8. Economic constraints on sheep and goat production in developing countries.
View the document9. Sheep. Pigs.
View the document10. Strategies to increase sheep production in East Africa.
View the document11. Alternatives to imported compound feeds for growing pigs in solomon islands.
View the document12. Economic analysis of on-farm dairy animal research and its relevance to development.
View the document13. Grazing management: science into practice.
View the document14. Fish-farming in sub-Saharan Africa: case studies in the francophone countries - proposals for future action.
View the document15. Research and education for the development of integrated crop-livestock-fish farming systems in the tropics.
View the document16. Goats/fish integrated farming in the philippines.
View the document17. The sustainability of aquaculture as a farm enterprise in Rwanda.
View the document18. Double-cropping malaysian prawns, macrobrachium rosenbergii, and red swamp crawfish, procambarus clarkii.
View the document19. Rice/fish farming in Malaysia: a resource optimization
View the document20. Biotechnology in fishfarms: integrated farming or transgenic fish?
View the document21. Agricultural engineering in the development: tillage for crop production in areas of low rainfall.
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on cropping system
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroecology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agrometeorology
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on agroforestry
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on homegardens
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on seed production
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on plant protection
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on water management
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on soil fertility
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on erosion and desertification control
Open this folder and view contentsAbstracts on potential crops for marginal lands
 

3. Important issues of small-holder livestock sector worldwide.

Sustainable Agriculture, 3, 1, 1991, p. 5

Heifer Project International listed a comparison of important issues of the livestock world around the world.

Developing national and international policies which stress the importance that small scale farmer play in agriculture and environmental balance is important. Often, economies of scale are applied to agricultural situations leading to production efficiency at the expense of the environment, animal health and welfare of small farmers. Greater value must be placed on animals and crops raised by small scale producers to avoid monopolization of agriculture, increase agricultural diversity and keep rural populations viable.

The overriding issue listed was how are animals fed and cared for.

In non-industrialized countries, the concern for animals is more along the lines of how does one keep an animal fed during the lean months.

Farmer based technology such as agroforestry techniques, fodder banks, development of vegetative erosion control barriers, utilization of crop wastes, increased planting of leguminous trees and pasture crops are techniques that are readily adaptable. Farmers easily see how livestock and the land benefit from establishment of year-round reliable feed sources.

The most successful operations in non-industrialized countries are those that utilize livestock as waste converters. Ruminants, with their ability to digest cellulose, are especially suited to this task. Animals can be useful in using those things that are waste or inedible for humans and convert it into human food.

Finally a system that involves people, land, plants and animals is the paradigm for animal agricultural development for the 90s.

1072 92 - 3/122

Integrated systems

Review, book, developing countries, arid zone, semi-arid zone, tropics, small ruminant production, sheep, goats, breeding, nutrition, management, feeds, FAO

TIMON, V.M. and J.P. HANRAHAN

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