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close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
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View the documentAcknowledgements
View the document1. Intensive sustainable livestock production: an alternative to tropical deforestation.
View the document2. Utilization of the african giant land snail in the humid area of nigeria.
View the document3. Important issues of small-holder livestock sector worldwide.
View the document4. Small ruminant production in developing countries.
View the document5. Microlivestock little-known small animals with a promising economic future.
View the document6. Assisting African livestock keepers.
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View the document8. Economic constraints on sheep and goat production in developing countries.
View the document9. Sheep. Pigs.
View the document10. Strategies to increase sheep production in East Africa.
View the document11. Alternatives to imported compound feeds for growing pigs in solomon islands.
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View the document13. Grazing management: science into practice.
View the document14. Fish-farming in sub-Saharan Africa: case studies in the francophone countries - proposals for future action.
View the document15. Research and education for the development of integrated crop-livestock-fish farming systems in the tropics.
View the document16. Goats/fish integrated farming in the philippines.
View the document17. The sustainability of aquaculture as a farm enterprise in Rwanda.
View the document18. Double-cropping malaysian prawns, macrobrachium rosenbergii, and red swamp crawfish, procambarus clarkii.
View the document19. Rice/fish farming in Malaysia: a resource optimization
View the document20. Biotechnology in fishfarms: integrated farming or transgenic fish?
View the document21. Agricultural engineering in the development: tillage for crop production in areas of low rainfall.
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4. Small ruminant production in developing countries.

FAO Animal Production and Health Paper No. 58, FAO, Rome, ISBN 92-5-102343-3, 1985, price DM 33,-

FAO organized an Expert Consultation on Small Ruminant Production in Sofia, July 8/12, 1985. The papers published in these proceedings represent the technical contributions and discussions at the meeting.

Separate to these discussions the consultation addressed some of the broader issues of importance to the advancement of small ruminant production, particularly in the developing countries, and at the end of the meeting agreed a set of recommendations.

Twenty papers were presented and discussed in the consultation and are reproduced in these proceedings. Strategies in breeding and breed development, nutrition and management, the development and utilization of indigenous grasses, shrubs and forest feeds for the production of sheep and goats, in arid, semi-arid and tropical conditions.

Small ruminants such as sheep and goats have adaptive capacities to survive and produce in difficult environments be they arid, high altitude or extremely cold. Generally, small ruminants are efficient converters of forage feeds whether they are farmed in temperate, arid or semi-tropical conditions. Perhaps their greatest advantage relative to large ruminants is their low cost, small size, their suitability to small holdings and in many of the developing countries, their triple purpose use for meat, milk and fibre.

There is a steady increase in sheep and goat numbers; sheep numbers are in excess of one billion head and goat numbers globally are now approaching half a billion head.

Increasing numbers is not enough. The fundamental issues are increased efficiency of production, biological efficiency, structural/organizational efficiency or more effective use of basic feed resources.

The recommendations are set down under the following broad headings:


- Research and development in small ruminant production.

In view of the very significant contribution of small ruminants to the economy and livelihood of peoples in almost every country around the world, and particularly in the developing countries, the consultation strongly recommends that much greater priority and much larger investment should be made by national and international institutions in the promotion of small ruminant production.

- Coordination - linkages.

The consultation recommends that there is need for much more effective coordination and closer linkages between institutions involved in small ruminant production throughout the world and in particular involving research and development centres in the developing world.

- Support services/infrastructure.

The expert group considered the likely success of development in small ruminant production and recommends that an adequately planned infrastructure and support services must form an integral part of all development programmes in small ruminant production.

- Genetics and breed improvement.

Very serious consideration should be given to the choice of species (and/or mixture of species) and the choice of breed in the very first stages of planning the development of small ruminant production.

Adaptation of breed to local environment should be a key element in breed choice and breed development strategies. This means paying particular attention to indigenous breeds.

The consultation considered that many of the developments in the technologies of reproduction in small ruminants are not and will not be relevant to small ruminant production in the developing countries until levels of nutrition and management are substantially increased, and market prices dictate more cost effective results.

1073 92 - 3/123

Integrated systems

Review, book, microlivestock, animals, economics, future, microbreeds, poultry, rabbits, rodents, deer, antilope, lizards, bees


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