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close this bookAbstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ; 1992; 423 pages)
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View the documentAcknowledgements
View the document1. Green manure crops in irrigated and rainfed lowland rice-based cropping systems in south Asia.
View the document2. Comparative evaluation of some inter-cropping systems in the humid tropics of southern nigeria.
View the document3. Intercropping improves land-use efficiency.
View the document4. A new maize modernizes savanna farming.
View the document5. Analysis of the environmental component of genotype x environment interaction in crop adaptation evaluation.
View the document6. Climatic analyses and cropping systems in the semiarid tropics.
View the document7. Field crop production in tropical Africa.
View the document8. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
View the document9. Software system for plant growth prediction.
View the document10. Flood-tolerant crops for low-input sustainable agriculture in the everglades agricultural area.
View the document11. The physiology of tropical production.
View the document12. Achieving sustainability in cropping systems: the labour requirements of a mulch rotation system in Kalimantan, Indonesia.
View the document13. Grain yield responses in rice to eight tropical green manures.
View the document14. Utilization efficiency of applied nitrogen as related to yield advantage in maize/mungbean intercropping.
View the document15. Effects of two underseed species, medicago polymorpha l. And scorpiurus muricatus l.,on the yield of main crop (durum wheat) and subsequent crop (teff) under humid moisture regimes in Ethiopia.
View the document16. Characterization and environment-management relationships in beans and sorghum intercropped with maize in honduras. (caracterizacion y relaciones ambiente-manejo en sistemas de frijol y sorgo asociados con maiz en Honduras.)
View the document17. Production potential of pigeonpea/pearl millet intercropping system in rainfed diara (floodprone) areas of eastern uttar pradesh, India.
View the document18. Effect of mixed cropping lentil with barley at different seeding rates.
View the document19. Yield performance and complementarity in mixtures of bread wheat (triticum aestivum l.) And pea (pisum sativum l.).
View the document20. Economic feasibility of green manure in rice-based cropping systems.
View the document21. Effect of nitrogen on pigeonpea (cajanus cajan) and rice (oryza sativa) intercropping system.
View the document22. Smallholder cotton cropping practices in Togo.
View the document23. Effect of row arrangement on yield and yield advantages in sorghum/finger millet intercrops.
View the document24. Yield, economics and nutrient balance in cropping systems based on rice (oriza sativa).
View the document25. Mechanisms for overyielding in a sunflower/mustard intercrop.
View the document26. Agronomic modification of competition between cassava and pigeonpea in intercropping.
View the document27. Production and economic evaluation of white guinea yam (dioscorea rotundata) minisetts under ridge and bed production systems in a tropical guinea savanna location, Nigeria.
View the document28. Evaluation of intercropping cassava/corn/beans (phaseolus vulgaris l.) In northeast Brazil.
View the document29. Intercropping of sweet potato and legumes.
View the document30. Cassava in shifting cultivation. - a system approach to agricultural technology development in Africa.-
View the document31. Economic returns from yam/maize intercrops with various stake densities in a high-rainfall area.
View the document32. Performance of three centrosema spp. And pueraria phaseoloides in grazed associations with andropogon gayanus in the eastern plains of Colombia.
View the document33. Barley, lentil, and flax yield under different intercropping systems.
View the document34. Biological potential and economic feasibility of intercropping oilseeds and pulses with safflower (carthamus tinctorius) in drylands.
View the document35. Screening of different tropical legumes in monoculture and in association with cassava for adaption to acid infertile and high al-content soil.
View the document36. Intercropping studies in peanut (arachis hypogaea l.).
View the document37. Intercropping of rainfed groundnut (arachis hypogaea) with annual oilseed crops under different planting patterns.
View the document38. Resource use and plant interactions in a rice-mungbean intercrop.
View the document39. Cassava/legume intercropping with contrasting cassava cultivars. Part I
View the document40. Cassava/legume intercropping with contrasting cassava cultivars. Part II
View the document41. A post-green revolution strategy for the improvement of small farmer-grown common beans.
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37. Intercropping of rainfed groundnut (arachis hypogaea) with annual oilseed crops under different planting patterns.

India J. of Agricultural Sciences, 61, (5), 1991, pp. 299-302

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the intercropping systems with oilseed crops, viz. sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) and castor (Ricinus communis L.) with groundnut by changing the crop geometry without reducing its plant population.

The experiment was conducted during the rainy seasons of 1986 and 1988.

The soil was clay loam, having organic carbon 0.96%, low available P (5.6 kg/ha) and medium available K (165.2 kg/ha). The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with 3 replications.

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is grown mostly under rainfed conditions during rainy season. The wider spacing recommended for cultivation of groundnut made it possible to grow an intercrop with many other annual oilseed crops. Intercropping with groundnut increases production and monetary returns compared with sole cropping. Selection of proper plant geometry and compatible crops in an intercropping system is highly beneficial. With the availability of new high-yielding, short-duration varieties of oilseed crops having different types of canopy structure, it is possible to design the suitable intercropping system with groundnut.

In this experiment the intercropping system increased the oil yield (30.5%) and monetary returns (15.3%) compared with the sole crop of groundnut. By growing castor in the intercropping system, the maximum loss in yield was of groundnut pods (22.3%), followed by sunflower (14.8%) and sesame (9.4%). Irrespective of the cropping system and season, the paired-row planting consistently gave higher yield (23.4%) of groundnut than the normal planting.

Pooled data on monetary returns showed significant differences in both the years. Groundnut (paired-row) + sunflower recorded 18.8 and 34.3% higher returns than the sole groundnut planted under paired-row and normal planting respectively. Thus the study revealed that intercropping of groundnut (paired-row) with sunflower could be recommended for getting higher oil yield and monetary returns in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat.

1127 92 - 4/170

Cropping systems

Asia, Philippines, IRRI, field trials, intercropping, rice, mungbean, plant interactions

AGGARWAL, P.K. et al.

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