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close this bookElectrical Machines - Basic Vocational Knowledge (IBE - Deutschland; 144 pages)
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contents1. General information about electrical machines
Open this folder and view contents2. Basic principles
close this folder3. Execution of rotating electrical machines
View the document3.1. Size
Open this folder and view contents3.2. Designs
Open this folder and view contents3.3. Degree of protection
Open this folder and view contents3.4. Cooling
Open this folder and view contents3.5. Mode of operation
View the document3.6. Heat resistance categories
Open this folder and view contents3.7. Connection designations of electrical machines
Open this folder and view contents3.8. Rotating electrical machines in rotational sense
View the document3.9. Rating plate
Open this folder and view contents4. Synchronous machines
Open this folder and view contents5. Asynchronous motors
Open this folder and view contents6. Direct current machines
Open this folder and view contents7. Single-phase alternating current motors
Open this folder and view contents8. Transformer

3.9. Rating plate

Rating plates of rotating electrical machines must provide information with regard to the keynote date of the machine in point. Such details are, moreover, necessary for assessing the suitability of the machine for linkage to adjacent technical facilities, mains, work units and prime movers. Consequently, rating plates feature a wealth of details concerning technical-physical dimensions and particular design characteristics. Moreover, additional data is similarly required for possible further fixtures. Such on-going data pertains, inter alia, to rated operating type. Machines in the power range of 0.001 kW to 1.1 kW must feature:

- country of origin
- manufacturer or his trademark
- index or type
- nominal voltage and current type
- nominal torque and, if required, additional nominal frequency
- capacity and rated voltage of the capacitor
- machine number, year of manufacture or month resp. week and year of manufacture.

Designation pattern range of machines in the power range over 1.1 kW:

Figure 29 - Rating tag of an electrical machine (sample)

1. manufacturer

2. machine designation - type

3. machine number, year of manufacture; or month and year of manufacturer; resp. week and year of manufacture

4. current type

5. mode of operation (mot; gen; power gen; U; B1 M)

6. winding circuitry

7. rated voltage

8. rated current

9. rated power of supplied rating in W, kW, MW; in VA, kVA and MVA for alternating current synchronous generators and reactive power machines

10. rated frequency

11. capacity, rated voltage of the capacitor (for single-phase motors with starting or working capacitors)

12. rated power factor

(Power factor λ = displacement factor cos φ applies where current and voltage change sine-shaped.

λ = cos φ can be used for practical sine-shaped values)

13. torque (all rated speeds; in torque adjustable machines the highest and lowest nominal drive torque of the speed range; in machines over 1.1 kW in series operation and machines with a greater operational torque as compared to rated torque, torque speed and the highest permissible speed shall be given)

14. rotational direction (only if required)

15. rated operational mode (apart from S1)

16. insulation class

17. Rated exciting current; rated exciting voltage (exc....A; esc....V)

18. nominal stillstand voltage between the slip-rings given rated operation (Lf...V)

19. mass

20. number of standard

21. quality sign

22. design

23. degree of protection

Questions for repetition and control

1. What characterises the design of a motor?
2. Which degree of protection must be selected for a motor positioned in moist surroundings?
3. What does operational mode S1 denote?
4. How is clockwise running stipulated for electric motors?


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