                            Amplifier Teaching Aid (GTZ, DED; 86 pages)  Preface  Introduction  Lesson 1 - Semiconductor Review  Lesson 2 - Bipolar Transistor  Bipolar Transistor II  First Evaluation  Lesson 4 - Transistor Fundamentals  Lesson 5 - Transistor Biasing  Lesson 6 - Transistor Biasing II  Second Evaluation  Lesson 7 - Small Signal Amplifier  Lesson 8 - Small Signal Amplifier II  Lesson 9 - Small Signal Amplifier III   Lesson Plan    Other configurations    Frequency response of an amplifier    The AC load line   Handout No. 2   Worksheet No. 9  Lesson 10 - Large Signal Amplifier  Third Evaluation

#### Frequency response of an amplifier Fig. 9-1: Amplifier output voltage in terms of frequency

Fig. 9-1 shows the typical frequency response of an amplifier. At low frequencies the output voltage decreases because of coupling and bypass capacitors. At high frequencies, the output voltage decreases because of transistor and stray wiring capacitance.

Critical frequencies:

Where the output voltage is 0.707 of Vmax.
Two critical frequencies -> f1, f2

Midband:

Is the band of frequencies between 10 * f1 and 0.1 * f2.
The midband is where an amplifier is supposed to be operated.

Ex: Find the midband of an amplifier with f1 = 5 Hz and f2 = 100 KHz.

10 * f1 = 10 * 5 Hz = 50 Hz -- > lower end

0.1 * f2 = 0.1 * 100 KHz = 10 KHz -- > upper end

Midband: 50 Hz - 10 KHz   