5.4 Integrating FAL in Health Education
FAL, to be truly functional, ought to be related to the health of the learners so that the skills of literacy make it possible to better learn and make effective use of the key health messages. It is therefore, important for adult learners not only to understand the basic health messages but also to establish the relationship between these health messages and FAL.
By the end of the session, the participants will be able to:
• Describe the relationship between FAL and health.
c) Time: 1 hour 25 minutes.
d) Learning Aids: Picture of a home with an unhygienic environment, with a child passing stool next to a meal which is being enjoyed by other children; Newsprint; cards, markers, masking tape, “Facts for Life” booklets.
e) Procedure and Learning Points:
[2 min.] Facilitator shows the participants a picture of a home with an unhygienic environment, with a child passing stool next to fellow children enjoying a meal.
[20 min.] The Facilitator then poses the following questions about the picture:
a) What is happening in the picture?
Step 3: Group Work.
[45 min.] In groups of 5-7 persons, the participants are assigned the following tasks:
a) List the basic health problems in your community and against each problem identify the beliefs associated with such problems.
Possible responses to group tasks:
Step 4: Facilitator’s statement:
[2 min.] People tend to associate some health problems with certain beliefs, mostly false ones, and this is mainly due to the absence of correct information. It is therefore, important that people get to know and make use of the basic information about their health problems.
[10 min.] In a buzz session of 2 or 3 people, participants are asked to discuss the relationship between FAL and health.
After this, responses of each buzz group are presented and discussed.
• With FAL, adult learners will be able to read, write and communicate with others the basic health problems.
[5 min.] Ask participants to point out the importance of FAL in the promotion of health.
What basic health messages are you going to promote in your community? Avail instructors and supervisors of FAL with the “FACTS FOR LIFE” handbook. Ask them to explore ways of using the information in the handbook in their literacy classes.
[1 min.] There is a clear relationship between FAL and health and the role played by both FAL and health in the promotion of each other should be well understood.
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