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close this book4th Report on the World Nutrition Situation - Nutrition throughout the Life Cycle (SCN; 2000; 138 pages)
View the documentADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE ON COORDINATION/SUB-COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION - (ACC/SCN) THE UN SYSTEM’S FORUM FOR NUTRITION
View the documentINTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentHIGHLIGHTS
View the documentCONTRIBUTORS
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentLIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentPREFACE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 1: NUTRITION THROUGHOUT THE LIFE CYCLE
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 2: MICRONUTRIENT UPDATE
close this folderCHAPTER 3: BREASTFEEDING AND COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING
View the document3.1 Evidence Linking Breastfeeding to Improved Outcomes
View the document3.2 Evidence Linking Complementary Feeding to Improved Outcomes
View the document3.3 Conceptualizing Infant Feeding Behaviours
View the document3.4 HIV and Infant Feeding
View the document3.5 Breastfeeding and Complementary Feeding Patterns and Trends
View the document3.6 Role of National and International Initiatives in Support of Optimal Infant Feeding
View the document3.7 Looking Forward: The Importance of Exclusive Breastfeeding
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 4: NUTRITION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Open this folder and view contentsCHAPTER 5: NUTRITION OF REFUGEES AND DISPLACED POPULATIONS
Open this folder and view contentsAPPENDICES
View the documentREFERENCES
View the documentBACK COVER
 

CHAPTER 3: BREASTFEEDING AND COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING

Breastfeeding and complementary feeding behaviours are important predictors of infant and child nutrition, health, and survival. The vast majority of research has focused on the benefits of breastfeeding and complementary feeding to infants and young children, although there are also important benefits throughout the life cycle. There is evidence to link having been breast-fed as a child with stronger intellectual development1-3 and a reduced risk of cancer,4 obesity,5 and several chronic diseases.6, 7 Breastfeeding also benefits maternal health. Women who breastfeed have a reduced risk of ovarian cancer and premenopausal breast cancer.8-10 Women who were breastfed as infants also have a reduced risk of breast cancer.11

Improving breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices will therefore improve health, nutrition, and survival in the short - as well as the long - term and contribute to the well being of future generations. Because of the increasing recognition of the importance of foetal and early childhood nutrition throughout the life cycle, data on breast-feeding and complementary feeding are included for the first time in an ACC/SCN report on the world nutrition situation.

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