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close this bookBuilding Materials and Health (UNCHS/HABITAT; 1997; 74 pages)
View the documentABBREVIATIONS
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentINTRODUCTION
close this folderI. HEALTH HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH BUILDING MATERIALS
View the documentA. Introduction
View the documentB. Health and building materials: An overview
View the documentC. Asbestos
View the documentD. Metals
View the documentE. Solvents
View the documentF. Formaldehyde
View the documentG. Insecticides and fungicides
View the documentH. Timber
View the documentI. Silica dust
View the documentJ. Earthen and traditional materials
View the documentK. Radon and its sources
View the documentL. Wastes
View the documentII. CONTROLLING HEALTH HAZARDS: PROBLEMS AND ISSUES
Open this folder and view contentsIII. A STRATEGY FOR THE CONTROL OF HEALTH HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH BUILDING MATERIALS
View the documentANNEX
View the documentREFERENCES
 

A. Introduction

This section briefly reviews the major health hazards associated with building materials according to three principal stages of the construction cycle, namely: the production of building materials, construction and maintenance, and occupancy. Furthermore, the section appraises the health hazards associated with five groups of potentially harmful and commonly Used materials, namely: asbestos, metals, solvents, insecticides and fungicides and earthen materials. Radon emission and its effect on health has been discussed as many of the building materials contain radium and so exhale radon which is a health hazard. An overview on the health impacts of wastes resulting from building materials has also been made. Finally, Table 19 provides a summary of building materials, their areas of application, related health hazards, substitute materials and mitigation strategies.

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