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close this bookBuilding Materials and Health (UNCHS/HABITAT; 1997; 74 pages)
View the documentABBREVIATIONS
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentINTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsI. HEALTH HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH BUILDING MATERIALS
View the documentII. CONTROLLING HEALTH HAZARDS: PROBLEMS AND ISSUES
Open this folder and view contentsIII. A STRATEGY FOR THE CONTROL OF HEALTH HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH BUILDING MATERIALS
View the documentANNEX
View the documentREFERENCES
 

ANNEX

A list of cancer agents evaluated by IARC which are associated with building materials

Cancer Agent

IARC Group

Likely Sources

Aldicarb

3

Insecticides

Aldrin

3

Insecticides

Antimony Oxide

2B

Some pigments, fire protection coatings

Arsenic and Arsenic Compounds

1

Insecticides

Asbestos

1

Manufactured asbestos based products, machining or degradation of asbestos based products

Benzene

1

Solvents, thinners, glues, adhesives

Cadmium & Cadmium Compounds

1

Pigments

Carbon Tetra chloride

2B

Contaminant in some chlorinated rubber coatings

Ceramic Fibres

2B

Asbestos

Chlordane

2B

Insecticides

Chlordimeform

3

Insecticides

Coal-tar Pitches

1

Coal tar epoxiew

Chromium (VI) Compounds

1

Primers, paints

Creosote

2A

Insecticides

DDT

2B

Insecticide

3, 3’-Dichlorobenzidine

2B

Pigments

Dichloromethane Methylene Chloride

2B

Paint strippers

1,2 Dibromo-3-Chloropropane

2B

Soil fumigant

Dieldrin

3

Insecticides

Endrin

3

Insecticides

Epichlorohydrin

2A

Contaminant in some epoxy resin

Ethylene dibromide

2A

Soil fumigant

Formaldehyde

2A

Phenol - formaldehyde resins, urea - formaldehyde resins,

Glass Filament

2B

Asbestos

Glass Wool

2B

Asbestos

Heptachlor

2B

Insecticide

Hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCH)

2B

Insecticide

δ-HCH (Lindane)

2B

Insecticide

Lead

2B

Primers, dryers, some pigments

Methyl parathion

3

Insecticide

Nickel compounds

1

Pigments

2-Nitropropane

2A

Organic solvent

Parathion

3

Insecticide

Pentachlorophenal

2B

Fungicide

Polyurethane

3

 

Polyurethane Foams

3

 

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

3

 

Radon and its decay products

1

Soil, building materials

Rock Wool

2B

 

Silica (Crystalline)

2A

mining and quarrying activities

Slag Wool

2B

 

Styrene

2B

Organic solvent, e.g. in some polyesters, putties and fillers

2, 4, 5-T

3

Herbicide

Tetrachloroethylene

2A

Organic solvent for degreasing

Toluene

3

Paints, thinners, adhesives

Toxaphene (polychlorinated camphenes)

2B

Insecticides

Tuluene Diisocyanate

2B

Some polyurethanes

Trichloroethane

3

 

Vinyl Chloride

1

PVC polymerisation facilities

Wood Dust

1

Furniture making, wood construction activities

Xylene

3

 

Trichloroethylene

2A

Adhesives, spot removers, paint production

 

Source: WHO (1987). Air Quality Guidelines for Europe. WHO Regional Publications, European Series No. 23. World Health Organisation, Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, and IARC (1995). IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. List of IARC Evaluations, Lyon, France.

 

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