Change to Ukrainian interface versionChange to English interface versionChange to Russian interface versionHome pageClear last query resultsHelp page
Search for specific termsBrowse by subject categoryBrowse alphabetical list of titlesBrowse by organizationBrowse special topic issues

close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO; 2000; 124 pages)
View the documentThe International Labour Organization
View the documentILO Publications
View the documentPreface to the earlier ABC of women workers' rights
View the documentPreface to the new ABC of women workers' rights and gender equality
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction: Labour standards promoting women workers' rights and gender equality (Ingeborg Heide1)
Open this folder and view contentsA
Open this folder and view contentsB
Open this folder and view contentsC
Open this folder and view contentsD
close this folderE
View the documentEconomic activity
View the documentEducation
View the documentEmployee
View the documentEmployers' organizations
View the documentEmployment injury benefit
View the documentEmployment-intensive works programmes
View the documentEmployment policy and promotion
View the documentEquality of opportunity and treatment in employment
View the documentEqual remuneration (pay)
View the documentExport-processing zones
Open this folder and view contentsF
Open this folder and view contentsG
Open this folder and view contentsH
Open this folder and view contentsI
Open this folder and view contentsJ, K
Open this folder and view contentsL
Open this folder and view contentsM
Open this folder and view contentsN
Open this folder and view contentsO
Open this folder and view contentsP
Open this folder and view contentsR
Open this folder and view contentsS
Open this folder and view contentsT
Open this folder and view contentsU
Open this folder and view contentsV
Open this folder and view contentsW
Open this folder and view contentsX, Y, Z
View the documentOther ILO publications
View the documentBack cover
 

Export-processing zones

Export-processing zones (EPZs) may be defined as industrial zones with special incentives to attract foreign investment in which imported materials undergo a certain degree of processing before being exported again.

As global competition for jobs and foreign investment intensifies, EPZs have been proliferating worldwide. For the EPZ-operating countries, EPZs are a vital entry point into the global manufacturing economy, providing a valuable source of investment, employment and technological know-how. While EPZs are a major source of employment creation, labour relations and human resource development remain neglected areas.

The workforce in EPZs is mainly composed of women (up to 90 per cent) in the younger age groups, differing from country to country and between economic sectors. EPZs provide a significant opportunity for young women workers to enter the formal sector, but many get locked into low-skilled and low-wage jobs because of direct or indirect discrimination. The enterprises should therefore make special efforts to ensure that women workers are not discriminated against in terms of salary or access to training and promotion. They should enjoy maternity protection and be provided with maternity leave, employment security during pregnancy and maternity leave, and nursing breaks and facilities. Measures should be taken to help them combine work and family responsibilities (limitation of excessive working hours and night work, child-care facilities, etc.). Policies and procedures should be in place to prevent and deal with sexual harassment. Free, strong and representative workers' organizations have a major role to play in order to improve the working conditions in these zones.

→ see also Discrimination, Fundamental principles and rights at work, Globalization, Human resources development, Maternity protection, Migrant workers, Parental leave, Sexual harassment and Social security/social protection

 

to previous section to next section

[Ukrainian]  [English]  [Russian]