An employee is a worker in the public or private sector who receives remuneration resulting from a contract of employment, working under the direction or control of an employer or a person designated by the employer. An employee is distinguished from a self-employed worker or an independent contractor.
This kind of working relationship is regulated not only by international and national labour standards but also, in many countries, by collective agreements. Besides her or his economic rights (remuneration, social security contribution, allowances), the employee should have a series of rights concerning her or his freedom and dignity:
The employer has no right to inquire into employees' private lives, political opinions, religion or participation in union activities.
→ see also Collective bargaining, Freedom of association and the right to organize and Trade unions
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