Change to Ukrainian interface versionChange to English interface versionChange to Russian interface versionHome pageClear last query resultsHelp page
Search for specific termsBrowse by subject categoryBrowse alphabetical list of titlesBrowse by organizationBrowse special topic issues

close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO; 2000; 124 pages)
View the documentThe International Labour Organization
View the documentILO Publications
View the documentPreface to the earlier ABC of women workers' rights
View the documentPreface to the new ABC of women workers' rights and gender equality
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction: Labour standards promoting women workers' rights and gender equality (Ingeborg Heide1)
Open this folder and view contentsA
Open this folder and view contentsB
Open this folder and view contentsC
Open this folder and view contentsD
close this folderE
View the documentEconomic activity
View the documentEducation
View the documentEmployee
View the documentEmployers' organizations
View the documentEmployment injury benefit
View the documentEmployment-intensive works programmes
View the documentEmployment policy and promotion
View the documentEquality of opportunity and treatment in employment
View the documentEqual remuneration (pay)
View the documentExport-processing zones
Open this folder and view contentsF
Open this folder and view contentsG
Open this folder and view contentsH
Open this folder and view contentsI
Open this folder and view contentsJ, K
Open this folder and view contentsL
Open this folder and view contentsM
Open this folder and view contentsN
Open this folder and view contentsO
Open this folder and view contentsP
Open this folder and view contentsR
Open this folder and view contentsS
Open this folder and view contentsT
Open this folder and view contentsU
Open this folder and view contentsV
Open this folder and view contentsW
Open this folder and view contentsX, Y, Z
View the documentOther ILO publications
View the documentBack cover
 

Employee

An employee is a worker in the public or private sector who receives remuneration resulting from a contract of employment, working under the direction or control of an employer or a person designated by the employer. An employee is distinguished from a self-employed worker or an independent contractor.

This kind of working relationship is regulated not only by international and national labour standards but also, in many countries, by collective agreements. Besides her or his economic rights (remuneration, social security contribution, allowances), the employee should have a series of rights concerning her or his freedom and dignity:

• trade union rights;
• civil and political rights;
• just and decent conditions of work;
• respect for private life.

The employer has no right to inquire into employees' private lives, political opinions, religion or participation in union activities.

C. 87: Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise, 1948
C. 98: Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining, 1949
C. 141: Rural Workers' Organizations, 1975
R. 149: Rural Workers' Organizations, 1975
C. 151: Labour Relations (Public Service), 1978
R. 159: Labour Relations (Public Service), 1978
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966

→ see also Collective bargaining, Freedom of association and the right to organize and Trade unions

to previous section to next section

[Ukrainian]  [English]  [Russian]