Employment-intensive works programmes
Employment-intensive works programmes (EIPs) are infrastructure development programmes (public works programmes to meet basic needs in rural, urban and suburban areas) financed by public investment, with the objective of creating and maintaining employment and incomes. EIPs may serve both to reduce poverty and to meet basic needs in areas of widespread unemployment and underemployment. Special attention should be paid to creating employment opportunities for women, youth and other disadvantaged groups.
Workers for EIPs are to be recruited on a voluntary basis, and not diverted from other productive activities. The conditions of employment offered should be consistent with national law and practice. Legal provisions governing access to employment, working hours, remuneration, holidays with pay, occupational safety and health, and social security should be guaranteed, and programmes of vocational training should be provided.
Special efforts should be made - through promotional, information and capacity-building programmes - to provide equal access for poor women, and to ensure equal remuneration for work of equal value. The abuse of women's "voluntary" unpaid labour as part of the communities' contribution should be combated. Appropriate childcare and transport facilities (when long distances are involved) constitute positive incentives for enhancing poor women's participation in EIPs.
→ see also Employment injury benefit, Family benefit, Invalidity benefit, Maternity protection, Pension (old-age benefit) and Survivors' benefit
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