Employment policy and promotion
The basic aim of employment policy is achieving and maintaining a high level of productive and freely chosen employment; employment promotion is aimed at increasing the number of employed and reducing the number of unemployed.
There should be work for all who are available for and seeking it, such work should be as productive as possible, and there should be freedom of choice of employment. All workers irrespective of their sex should have the fullest possible opportunity to qualify for and use their skills in jobs for which they are suited. Discrimination, including on grounds of sex, is not permitted.
An active employment policy should be designed and carried out to promote full, productive and freely chosen employment. Such a policy should help stimulate economic growth and development, raise levels of living, meet personnel requirements and overcome unemployment and underemployment. Population and welfare programmes aimed at improving the economic status of particularly vulnerable groups such as migrant women, female single-headed households and pregnant young women may further enhance the situation of many women workers.
Employment policy should take due account of the stage and level of economic development. Representatives of the persons who are affected by the measures to be taken, and in particular representatives of employers and workers, should be consulted.
→ see also Labour administration and Public employment services and private employment agencies
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