Freedom of association and the right to organize
Freedom of association and the right to organize are fundamental principles, aiming at freely exercised rights of workers and employers, without any distinction, to organize for the purpose of furthering and defending their interests.
Workers and employers have the right to establish and join organizations of their own choosing. Such organizations must have the right:
Workers should be protected from anti-union discrimination. In particular, they should be protected against refusal to employ them because of union membership or participation in trade union activities.
Workers' and employers' organizations should enjoy protection against acts of interference by each other that are designed to promote domination, financing or control. Measures appropriate to national conditions should be taken to encourage and promote the development and utilization of voluntary collective bargaining as a means of regulating terms and conditions of employment.
Throughout the years, many trade unions have been instrumental in supporting and defending the rights of women workers. It is of major importance for the promotion of gender equality that trade unions actively organize women workers and adequately defend their interests through collective bargaining.
→ see also Collective bargaining, Fundamental principles and rights at work and Trade unions
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