Fundamental principles and rights at work
Fundamental principles in the world of work and basic rights of workers stem from the principles and rights set out in the ILO Constitution and the Declaration of Philadelphia, and are laid down in a number of fundamental International labour Conventions. These principles and rights concern:
In 1998, the Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-up was adopted by the International Labour Conference. The Declaration is intended to reaffirm the commitment of all ILO member States to the fundamental principles and rights to which all countries must adhere by the very fact of their membership of the Organization, even if they have not yet been able to ratify the corresponding Conventions. Thus, the principle of elimination of discrimination concerning employment and occupation, which covers equal remuneration for men and women for work of equal value, and equal opportunity and treatment, is to be respected, realized and promoted in all 174 member States of the ILO.1
The Follow-up to the Declaration consists of three parts: annual reports will have to be supplied by the member States that have not ratified the relevant Conventions; global reports will be prepared by the ILO each year on one of the four categories listed above; and, on the basis of discussion of the global reports in the International Labour Conference, the ILO Governing Body will identify priorities for technical cooperation to assist member States in implementing the principles and rights in the Declaration.
The order of the global reports has also been determined, with freedom of association being examined in 2000, forced labour in 2001, child labour in 2002, and discrimination in employment in 2003, before beginning the cycle again. Technical assistance with strong gender and development components will be provided by the ILO and other partners.
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