Change to Ukrainian interface versionChange to English interface versionChange to Russian interface versionHome pageClear last query resultsHelp page
Search for specific termsBrowse by subject categoryBrowse alphabetical list of titlesBrowse by organizationBrowse special topic issues

close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO; 2000; 124 pages)
View the documentThe International Labour Organization
View the documentILO Publications
View the documentPreface to the earlier ABC of women workers' rights
View the documentPreface to the new ABC of women workers' rights and gender equality
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction: Labour standards promoting women workers' rights and gender equality (Ingeborg Heide1)
Open this folder and view contentsA
Open this folder and view contentsB
Open this folder and view contentsC
Open this folder and view contentsD
Open this folder and view contentsE
Open this folder and view contentsF
close this folderG
View the documentGender
View the documentGender analysis
View the documentGender equality
View the documentGender equity
View the documentGender gap
View the documentGender and development and women in development
View the documentGender mainstreaming
View the documentGirl child labourers
View the documentGlass ceiling
View the documentGlobalization
View the documentGrievance procedures
Open this folder and view contentsH
Open this folder and view contentsI
Open this folder and view contentsJ, K
Open this folder and view contentsL
Open this folder and view contentsM
Open this folder and view contentsN
Open this folder and view contentsO
Open this folder and view contentsP
Open this folder and view contentsR
Open this folder and view contentsS
Open this folder and view contentsT
Open this folder and view contentsU
Open this folder and view contentsV
Open this folder and view contentsW
Open this folder and view contentsX, Y, Z
View the documentOther ILO publications
View the documentBack cover
 

Gender

"Gender" refers to the social differences and relations between men and women which are learned, vary widely among societies and cultures, and change over time. The term "gender" does not replace the term "sex", which refers exclusively to biological differences between men and women. For example, statistical data are broken down by sex. The term "gender" is used to analyse the roles, responsibilities, constraints, opportunities and needs of women and men in all areas and in any given social context.

Gender roles are learned behaviours in a given society, community or other social group. They condition which activities, tasks and responsibilities are perceived as male and female. Gender roles are affected by age, class, race, ethnicity and religion, and by the geographical, economic and political environment.

Changes in gender roles often occur in response to changing economic, natural or political circumstances, including development efforts or structural adjustment, or other nationally or internationally based forces. The gender roles within a given social context may be flexible or rigid, similar or different, and complementary or conflicting. Both women and men are involved in reproductive, productive and community management activities and play roles within social and political groups. Their involvement in each activity reflects the gender division of labour in a particular place at a particular time. The gender division of labour must be reflected in gender analysis.

→ see also Gender analysis and Gender and development and women in development

to previous section to next section

[Ukrainian]  [English]  [Russian]