Change to Ukrainian interface versionChange to English interface versionChange to Russian interface versionHome pageClear last query resultsHelp page
Search for specific termsBrowse by subject categoryBrowse alphabetical list of titlesBrowse by organizationBrowse special topic issues

close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO; 2000; 124 pages)
View the documentThe International Labour Organization
View the documentILO Publications
View the documentPreface to the earlier ABC of women workers' rights
View the documentPreface to the new ABC of women workers' rights and gender equality
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction: Labour standards promoting women workers' rights and gender equality (Ingeborg Heide1)
Open this folder and view contentsA
Open this folder and view contentsB
Open this folder and view contentsC
Open this folder and view contentsD
Open this folder and view contentsE
Open this folder and view contentsF
close this folderG
View the documentGender
View the documentGender analysis
View the documentGender equality
View the documentGender equity
View the documentGender gap
View the documentGender and development and women in development
View the documentGender mainstreaming
View the documentGirl child labourers
View the documentGlass ceiling
View the documentGlobalization
View the documentGrievance procedures
Open this folder and view contentsH
Open this folder and view contentsI
Open this folder and view contentsJ, K
Open this folder and view contentsL
Open this folder and view contentsM
Open this folder and view contentsN
Open this folder and view contentsO
Open this folder and view contentsP
Open this folder and view contentsR
Open this folder and view contentsS
Open this folder and view contentsT
Open this folder and view contentsU
Open this folder and view contentsV
Open this folder and view contentsW
Open this folder and view contentsX, Y, Z
View the documentOther ILO publications
View the documentBack cover
 

Globalization

The impact of globalization and employment restructuring has had important consequences for gender- and equality-related policies worldwide. Investors and multinational companies have enjoyed much greater freedom to move capital from one country to another, thereby creating jobs in lower labour cost countries and destroying jobs in those with more expensive labour.

Women are often the first to feel both the positive and negative effects because international capital tends to be invested in more labour-intensive production, which tends to be female dominated owing to lower wages of women workers in these sectors. In the process of globalization, female participation in paid employment has considerably increased. This, however, has not led to equal benefit from their integration into the labour market, which remains highly gender segregated.

Many countries have responded to this economic process with legislative and administrative changes, in order to liberalize national labour standards and working conditions, and to make them more flexible. There is growing concern, expressed particularly in the international debate, that economic globalization must have " a human face ", and be accompanied by a set of minimum standards in the social field. The tendency to level down social and labour standards in the process of globalization needs to be tackled. Political, business and trade union leaders must accept their shared responsibility and pay attention to international labour standards, thus contributing to improving working conditions for both women and men.

→ see also Fundamental principles and rights at work and Export-processing zones

to previous section to next section

[Ukrainian]  [English]  [Russian]