Gender and development and women in development
In the early 1970s, researchers started increasingly to analyse the division of labour based on sex and the specific impact of development on women. The term "women in development" (WID) came to be used for this approach, as it focused on the need to integrate women into ongoing development strategies. "WID " stood for concern with the unequal or disadvantaged position of women compared to men, and the elimination of discrimination against them.
In the 1980s, the "gender and development" (GAD) concept emerged as a response to criticisms of the WID approach. It does not focus on women only, but on the social differences and often unequal relations between men and women. The GAD approach uses gender analysis as a basis for strategic and development planning. It emphasizes women's as well as men's contribution in shaping the nature of development.
→ see also Gender analysis and Gender mainstreaming
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