Parental leave is leave granted to either parent in order to care for a child. It generally follows a period of maternity leave, to which only the mother is entitled. In some countries, parental leave is granted in the event of adoption as well. Parental leave is different from "paternity leave ", which is leave for the father at the time of the confinement.
Either parent should have the possibility of obtaining leave of absence for child-care purposes:
In order to promote gender equality, a growing number of countries have passed parental leave legislation in various forms and under various conditions, some of which provide for cash benefits to be paid during the leave period. In the European Union, a new supranational instrument on parental leave was adopted in 1996.
→ see also Family responsibilities, workers with, Maternity leave and Teachers
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