A part-time worker is an employed person whose normal hours of work are less than those of comparable full-time workers with the same type of employment relationship or similar type of work in the same branch of activity. Transfer from full-time to part-time work or vice versa is voluntary. Measures should be taken, at all levels, to ensure that part-time workers receive the same protection as comparable full-time workers in respect of:
Furthermore, national policies should be designed and carried out to ensure that part-time workers receive treatment equivalent to comparable full-time workers with regard to:
The majority of part-time workers are women with a low level of wages, social protection and benefits, and few prospects of improving their employment situation. In recent years, a large number of part-time jobs have been created which women are ready to accept more easily than men. Such jobs, however, are often precarious and do not provide for sufficient independent income, and labour law and social security protection.
Accepting part-time work is not always a deliberate choice on the part of women; they feel forced to do so because of their double burden of work in employment and in the family, and because full-time work is not available. In order to promote gender equality in employment, parental leave provisions for fathers and mothers, sufficient childcare facilities and more flexible working conditions would be desirable.
→ see also Childcare and family services and facilities, Family responsibilities, workers with, and Teachers
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