A plantation is a large estate that is planted with cash crops, often for the purpose of export. Women workers form an important component of plantation labour forces, whose rights are covered in the Plantations Convention (No. 110) of 1958.
Plantation workers should be entitled to maternity leave. Just as for other workers, the period of maternity leave must be at least 12 weeks, and not less than six weeks' leave is to be taken after the child is born. It should be possible for the leave period to be extended when childbirth is later than expected or in the case of illness. There may be a qualifying period for maternity leave, which may not exceed a total of 150 days' work with the same employer during the 12 months before childbirth.
No pregnant woman should be required to undertake any type of work which may be harmful to her health. Cash benefits should be provided to ensure the full and healthy maintenance of mother and child. Medical benefits should include pre-natal, confinement and post-natal care, as well as hospital care where necessary.
A female plantation worker should not be dismissed because she is pregnant, on maternity leave or a nursing mother. She should be entitled to interrupt her work to nurse her child.
→ see also Agricultural and other rural workers, Breastfeeding workers, Dismissal (termination of employment), Maternity protection and Maternity leave
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