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close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO; 2000; 124 pages)
View the documentThe International Labour Organization
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View the documentPreface to the earlier ABC of women workers' rights
View the documentPreface to the new ABC of women workers' rights and gender equality
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction: Labour standards promoting women workers' rights and gender equality (Ingeborg Heide1)
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View the documentPaid educational leave
View the documentParental leave
View the documentPart-time work
View the documentPension (old-age benefit)
View the documentPlantation workers
View the documentProbationary period
View the documentProtection of health during maternity
View the documentPublic employment services and private employment agencies
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Protection of health during maternity

The Maternity Protection Recommendation (No. 95) of 1952 states that night work and overtime work should be prohibited for pregnant and nursing women. During pregnancy and up to at least three months after confinement, women should not be employed on work prejudicial to their health or that of the child. In particular, the employment of pregnant and nursing women is prohibited with regard to:

• any hard labour involving lifting heavy weights, pulling or pushing or undue physical strain, including prolonged standing;

• work requiring special balance; and

• work with vibrating machines.

A woman employed in a job which is defined as harmful to health should be entitled to transfer, without loss of wages, to other work not harmful to her health. A woman who presents a medical certificate saying that such transfer is necessary for her health and that of the child should also be entitled to such a transfer.

C. 3: Maternity Protection, 1919
C. 103: Maternity Protection (Revised), 1952
R. 95: Maternity Protection, 1952
C. 89: Night Work (Women) (Revised), 1948 (and Protocol, 1990)
C. 171: Night Work, 1990
C. 102: Social Security (Minimum Standards), 1952
R. 116: Reduction of Hours of Work, 1962
C. 127: Maximum Weight, 1967
R. 128: Maximum Weight, 1967
C. 136: Benzene, 1971
R. 144: Benzene, 1971
R. 114: Radiation Protection, 1960
C. 110: Plantations, 1958 (and Protocol, 1982)
R. 157: Nursing Personnel, 1977

→ see also Breastfeeding workers, Maternity protection, Maximum weight, Night work and Radiation protection

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