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close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO; 2000; 124 pages)
View the documentThe International Labour Organization
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View the documentPreface to the earlier ABC of women workers' rights
View the documentPreface to the new ABC of women workers' rights and gender equality
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction: Labour standards promoting women workers' rights and gender equality (Ingeborg Heide1)
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View the documentSelection tests and interviews
View the documentSelf-employment
View the documentSexual harassment
View the documentSickness insurance
View the documentSocial security/social protection
View the documentStructural unemployment
View the documentSurvivors' benefit
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View the documentOther ILO publications
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Structural unemployment

This term is used to describe unemployment caused by changes in the structure of the economy resulting from technological innovations or by changes in the composition of the labour force. Women are usually among the first to lose their jobs when structural changes take place.

Technology policies should, according to the level of economic development, contribute to improving working conditions and reducing working time, and include measures to prevent job losses. These measures could include:

• retraining workers to meet the modified employment requirements resulting from technological change;

• involving workers and their representatives in the planning, introduction and use of new technologies;

• improving the organization of working time to create new employment opportunities while increasing productivity and satisfying the basic needs of the population.

C. 168: Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment, 1988
R. 169: Employment Policy (Supplementary Provisions), 1984

→ see also Employment policy and promotion

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