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close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO; 2000; 124 pages)
View the documentThe International Labour Organization
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View the documentPreface to the earlier ABC of women workers' rights
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Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction: Labour standards promoting women workers' rights and gender equality (Ingeborg Heide1)
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View the documentUnderground work in mines
View the documentUnemployment benefit
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View the documentOther ILO publications
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Unemployment benefit

A periodical payment should be made in case of suspension of earnings due to the inability to obtain suitable employment for a person capable of, and available for, work. The duration of the benefit should vary according to the category of employment and the length of the contribution period.

Over the past decades, women's employment rates rose consistently in most countries. Job growth for women was concentrated in the processing and service sectors, where women are traditionally over-represented and where pay is lower than in male-dominated sectors. In recent years, a large number of part-time and other irregular jobs have been created which are precarious and do not provide for sufficient independent income and social security coverage. In most countries, women are unemployed and underemployed to a higher extent than men. As a result of their traditionally greater share of responsibilities for childcare and the household, women also face more difficulties in being immediately available for work.

A woman searching for or re-entering employment ought to contact the employment office in order to follow the appropriate procedures for obtaining unemployment benefit and to show that she is available for work.

C. 102: Social Security (Minimum Standards), 1952
C. 168: Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment, 1988

→ see also Occupational segregation and Social security/social protection

 

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