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close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO; 2000; 124 pages)
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View the documentPreface to the earlier ABC of women workers' rights
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Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction: Labour standards promoting women workers' rights and gender equality (Ingeborg Heide1)
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Working time

In case of reduced duration of the working day or week, priority should be accorded to industries and professions involving particularly physically or intellectually demanding work and health hazards to workers, especially when the labour force is made up of women and young people.

Concerning overtime, the situation of women during pregnancy and breastfeeding should be taken into consideration, and such women should not be required to work overtime, without any prejudice to their career development. With respect to pregnant women and nursing mothers, the working schedule should be organized to allow them sufficient rest periods.

A weekly rest of at least 24 consecutive hours should be granted to workers in industry and commerce. Exceptions may be authorized by the central authority, for example in enterprises in which only the members of a single family are employed. The weekly time off shall be granted during the days already established by the traditions or customs of the country. In case of temporary exemptions, the worker should be entitled to a compensatory rest period of equivalent duration.

All workers should have the right to a period of at least three weeks per year of annual paid leave. For service of less than 12 months, a holiday with pay proportionate to the length of service shall be granted. Public and customary holidays shall not be counted as part of the minimum annual holiday with pay. In case of dismissal, the worker should receive a holiday with pay proportionate to the length of service for which a holiday has not been taken, or compensation equivalent to the holiday credit; a qualifying period not exceeding six months may be required. Contractual agreements to renounce the right to this minimum annual holiday for compensation or otherwise are illegal and not enforceable.

C. 14: Weekly Rest (Industry), 1921
R. 18: Weekly Rest (Commerce), 1921
C. 101: Holidays with Pay (Agriculture), 1952
R. 116: Reduction of Hours of Work, 1962
C. 132: Holidays with Pay (Revised), 1970

→ see also Agricultural and other rural workers, Breastfeeding workers, Conditions and benefits of employment, Maternity protection and Plantation workers

 

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