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close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO; 2000; 124 pages)
View the documentThe International Labour Organization
View the documentILO Publications
View the documentPreface to the earlier ABC of women workers' rights
View the documentPreface to the new ABC of women workers' rights and gender equality
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction: Labour standards promoting women workers' rights and gender equality (Ingeborg Heide1)
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View the documentCareer opportunities
View the documentCash and medical benefits for maternity
View the documentChemicals
View the documentChildcare and family services and facilities
View the documentChild labour
View the documentClaims of workers in cases of employers' insolvency
View the documentClandestine work
View the documentCollective bargaining
View the documentComputers, use of
View the documentConditions and benefits of employment
View the documentCooperatives
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View the documentOther ILO publications
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Clandestine work

Clandestine work can be defined as having a sole or secondary gainful non-casual occupation that is carried out in violation of provisions set by legislation. Remunerated work which is not protected through contributions to the social security system should be considered clandestine.

Despite lack of clear statistical evidence, it can be assumed that a large majority of women fall into this category. Efforts should therefore be made to ensure that social security contributions are compulsory for each dependent worker and in all sectors.

→ see also Migrant workers

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