Computers, use of
With the massive introduction of computers or visual display units (VDUs) in the workplace, their use is becoming more and more subject to special rules, collective bargaining, guidelines and decisions on the part of governments and employers' and workers' organizations, as well as manufacturers.
The majority of experts agree that workers' health can be affected by excessive work with computers, particularly if the equipment or the environment are poorly designed. There is no agreement as to whether such effects are unique to work with computers or whether they can be attributed to all intensive work of this nature.
The most widely recognized effects of work involving the use of computers are the direct effects on the eyes; some indirect effects appear to be related to stress. The question of whether exposure to VDUs could cause miscarriages and birth defects is still under discussion, but it seems that the level of radiation emitted is not dangerous. Several governments, employers and trade unions have adopted a cautious approach to the issue by developing agreements on transfers during pregnancy.
The principal measures recommended for the protection of the health of VDU operators are:
Work with computers, especially its more recent forms such as teleworking, is mainly performed by women.
[Ukrainian] [English] [Russian]