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close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO; 2000; 124 pages)
View the documentThe International Labour Organization
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View the documentPreface to the earlier ABC of women workers' rights
View the documentPreface to the new ABC of women workers' rights and gender equality
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction: Labour standards promoting women workers' rights and gender equality (Ingeborg Heide1)
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View the documentDisabilities, persons with
View the documentDisciplinary action
View the documentDiscrimination
View the documentDismissal (termination of employment)
View the documentDivision of labour
View the documentDomestic workers
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Disciplinary action

Disciplinary action includes detrimental measures taken by the employer against an employee in reaction to non-compliance with her or his obligations. Disciplinary action may include warning, suspension, transfer or demotion.

Policies and procedures should be adopted to ensure that disciplinary action is not taken on an arbitrary or discriminatory basis. The grounds upon which disciplinary action may be taken should be specified, based on objective criteria, and related to the requirements of the job.

Disciplinary action should follow procedures which cover:

• progressive disciplinary action;

• designation of supervisors who have the authority to take disciplinary action;

• informing the employee in writing of the grounds for disciplinary action, and his or her right to challenge the decision taken;

• time requirements within which each stage of the procedures must be completed;

• cooperation with the workers' representative, usually before disciplinary action is taken; or, where this is not reasonable, his or her consultation as soon as possible after the action;

• provision of information to all employees about the grounds upon which disciplinary action may be taken and the procedures which must be followed for implementation.

The policies and procedures regarding disciplinary action should be applied equally; no employee should be disciplined for performance or behaviour which is at the same time accepted from other employees.

C. 158: Termination of Employment, 1982
R. 166: Termination of Employment, 1982

→ see also Dismissal (termination of employment)

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