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close this bookAction Against Child Labour (ILO; 2000; 356 pages)
View the documentPreface
Open this folder and view contents1. National policies and programmes
Open this folder and view contents2. Towards improved legislation
Open this folder and view contents3. Improving the knowledge base on child labour
Open this folder and view contents4. Alternatives to child labour
Open this folder and view contents5. Strategies to address child slavery
Open this folder and view contents6. Strategies for employers and their organizations
Open this folder and view contents7. Trade unions against child labour
Open this folder and view contents8. Awareness-raising
Open this folder and view contents9. Action by community groups and NGOs
close this folder10. Resources on child labour
View the documentINTRODUCTION
close this folder10.1 GENERAL PUBLICATIONS ON CHILD LABOUR
View the documentILO reports for the International Labour Conference (ILC) and Governing Body (GB)
View the documentReports of the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)
View the documentPolicy studies
View the documentInformation kits, training manuals and guidelines
View the documentAudiovisual materials
View the document10.2 SPECIAL THEMES
View the documentOther ILO publications
View the documentBack Cover
 

Policy studies

Assafa BEQUELE & Jo BOYDEN
ILO

COMBATING CHILD LABOUR

Geneva, March 1995, second impression with modifications, 226p.

This major study of child labour in Africa, Asia and Latin America vividly describes the harsh reality of children's work in various industries and occupations, and gives an account of the striking evolution that is taking place in public policy and programmes in dealing with the problems.

The book offers a wealth of information on child labour and a wide-ranging analysis of policies and programmes which are being implemented in a variety of industrial socio-economic and political contexts. It provides a glimpse of innovative developments in the campaign against child labour and the defence of the rights of children. Includes 16 pages of photographs.

Language of the text: English, Spanish

ISBN 92-2-106389-5
ISBN 92-2-306389-2 for Spanish

Assafa BEQUELE & William MYERS
ILO (Child Labour Collection)-UNICEF

FIRST THINGS FIRST IN CHILD LABOUR: Eliminating work detrimental to children

Geneva, July 1995, 163p.

The limited resources available to fight child labour should be concentrated in the first instance on abolishing the hazardous work of children. The difficulty of defining work which is hazardous to children, and the various preventive and rehabilitative approaches are discussed, using examples taken from Brazil, India, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, the United Republic of Tanzania, Thailand and Zimbabwe. The book also explains the levels of intervention for mobilization and the importance of establishing child labour legislation and enforcement through both a national policy and international agreements. The authors present an action-oriented overview which, as well as being of interest to the general public, can also provide policy makers with useful material drawn from personal experience. This is particularly valuable an area where documentary data are scarce. Such experiential data necessarily rely on the use of numerous case examples, which have been chosen for their discussion value. The book has been designed so that it can also serve as background material for training courses.

Language of the text: English

ISBN 92-2-109-197-X

Jo BOYDEN, Birgitta LING & William MYERS
UNICEF-Rädda Barnen

WHAT WORKS FOR WORKING CHILDREN

Florence, Italy, 1998, 364p.

This book examines recent information and thinking about children's work in relation to child health and development, education, child protection laws, the market economy, children's role in society, and other issues of importance for policy makers, programme planners and children's advocates. It reviews and summarizes recent research and experience regarding child work and the processes of child development as they relate to work, and proposes alternative concepts and approaches.

Jo BOYDEN & William MYERS
ILO-UNICEF International Child Development Centre, Innocenti Occasional Papers: Child Rights Series No. 8

EXPLORING ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES TO COMBATING CHILD LABOUR: CASE STUDIES FROM DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Florence, Italy, February 1995, VI, 45p.

This paper focuses on four different strategies to combat child labour, presenting them within specific country contexts:

1. public-sector initiative through child labour legislation and the establishment of universal, compulsory basic education;

2. community mobilization and NGOs' initiatives with government support;

3. planned shared responsibility between government and civil society within a legal framework that sets national child protection standards but devolves implementing power and initiative to the local level; and

 

4. cross-national and private-sector initiatives against child labour.

Language of the text: English

ISSN 1014-7837

Hugh CUNNINGHAM
ILO

CHILD LABOUR AND INDUSTRIALIZATION

Geneva, 1995, 15p.

The author refers to publications on the relationship between industrialization and child labour in the Western world, from the 18th to the early 20th centuries. In particular he focuses on five factors which led to the decline in child labour in the process of industrialization: labour power, preventing adults from being replaced by child labour; family strategies, preferring education to child work; technology, demanding capability to operate more complex machinery; legislation against child labour; and ideology which has progressively considered respect for the rights of children.

Language of the text: English

ISBN 92-2-1097554-4

ILO
Janet HILOWITZ

LABELLING CHILD LABOUR PRODUCTS - A PRELIMINARY STUDY

Geneva, 1997, 98p.

This study contains a general discussion of what social labelling is; descriptions of six specific labelling initiatives attempting to improve the lives of working children; and a more detailed discussion of the issues involved in social labelling as a way of combating child labour. It points to the inherent problems of monitoring and inspection, the frequent lack of transparency for consumers, and the unsure fate of the children working in industries targeted by labelling initiatives. It also emphasizes the need for a more in-depth examination of the issue which could identify the factors that can bring about success and accountability.

Language of the text: English

ISBN 92-2-11-0589-X

International Conference on Child Labour, Oslo, 27-30 October 1997

FINAL REPORT OF THE CONFERENCE AND AGENDA FOR ACTION

The report highlights some of the most important aspects and outcomes of the debate of the Conference, focusing on child labour as a human right as well as a development issue by addressing the problem from the bottom up, through broad-based development, poverty eradication and social mobilization, and from the top down, by establishing political priorities and appropriate frameworks. The document contains the opening statements, the report from the technical and the political sessions, the statements by the ministers and heads of delegations, the adoption of the Agenda for Action and the closing statements. Three annexes are also included: the programme, the list of ministers/heads of delegations and the Agenda for Action.

Language of the text: English

ISBN 92-2- 109584-3

Mark LANSKY
ILO-IPEC, extract from the International Labour Review

CHILD LABOUR: HOW THE CHALLENGE IS BEING MET

Geneva, 1997, 28p.

The author examines the evolution of long-term initiatives aimed at abolishing child labour and classifies them under law, direct interventions and market-based schemes. IPEC strategies and priorities are illustrated, including SIMPOC, the Statistical Information and Monitoring Programme on Child Labour.

Language of the text: English

Offprint also distributed by IPEC

Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment, the Netherlands.

COMBATING THE MOST INTOLERABLE FORMS OF CHILD LABOUR: A GLOBAL CHALLENGE. REPORT

Geneva, 1997, 111p.

The Amsterdam Child Labour Conference was organized in February 1997 by the Government of the Netherlands in close collaboration with the ILO.

The aim was to stimulate global discussion on measures to put an end to the most intolerable forms of child labour without delay, i.e. slavery, forced or compulsory labour, the use of children in prostitution, pornography and the drugs trade, and the employment of children in any type of work that is dangerous, harmful or hazardous or that interferes with their education.

This report reflects on the discussions that took place during the Conference and includes ILO background papers on:

• meeting the challenge: national and international action;
• international and regional cooperation on child labour;
• globalization, liberalization and child labour; and
• proposed ILO standards on child labour.

Government representatives, mostly at ministerial level, from 33 countries in Asia, Africa, the Americas and Europe, representatives of workers' and employers' organizations and NGOs, representatives of working children and other parties actively participated in the discussion.

The Conference urged all countries to launch a time-bound programme of action to eliminate child labour and to immediately put an end to its most intolerable forms.

Language of the text: English

Translation available in French, Spanish

UNICEF

THE STATE OF THE WORLD'S CHILDREN 1997

New York, 1997, 107p.

The report discusses the role of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and explores some of the implications for children, with a particular focus on child labour. It calls for the immediate end to hazardous child labour and proposes strategies to help eliminate and prevent it including: access to education; wider legal protection; birth registration for all children; collection of information; and mobilization of the widest possible coalition of partners among governments, communities, NGOs, employers and trade unions. Economic and social statistics on the nations of the world, with particular reference to children's well-being, cover basic indicators such as health, nutrition, education, demographics, economic progress and the situation of women.

Language of the text: English, French, Spanish

ISBN 0-19-262871-2

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