Many children in almost all societies work in one way or another, although the types of work they do and the forms and conditions of their involvement vary among societies and over time. Children's participation in certain types of light work, such as helping parents care for the home and family for short periods in the day, or teenagers working for a few hours before or after school or during holidays to earn pocket money, is considered to be part of growing up for boys and girls and a means of acquiring basic survival and practical skills. This increases their self-worth and confidence and enables them to contribute to the well-being both of themselves and their families. But this is not child labour.
Child labour includes both paid and unpaid work and activities that are mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children. It is work that deprives them of opportunities for schooling or that requires them to assume the multiple burdens of schooling and work at home and in other workplaces; and work that enslaves them and separates them from their family. This is what is meant by child labour - work carried out to the detriment and endangerment of the child, in violation of international law and national legislation.
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