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close this bookAction Against Child Labour (ILO; 2000; 356 pages)
View the documentPreface
close this folder1. National policies and programmes
View the documentINTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contents1.1 STRATEGIC ACTION AGAINST CHILD LABOUR
Open this folder and view contents1.2 DEVELOPING POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES ON CHILD LABOUR
Open this folder and view contents1.3 SETTING PRIORITIES FOR ACTION
View the document1.4 CREATING A BROAD SOCIAL ALLIANCE
View the documentAppendix 1.1 Terms of reference for a comprehensive report on child labour
View the documentAppendix 1.2 Ideas for group work in national planning workshops on child labour
View the documentAppendix 1.3 Example of a national plan of action on child labour, Cambodia, 1997
View the documentAppendix 1.4 Pointers to project design
Open this folder and view contents2. Towards improved legislation
Open this folder and view contents3. Improving the knowledge base on child labour
Open this folder and view contents4. Alternatives to child labour
Open this folder and view contents5. Strategies to address child slavery
Open this folder and view contents6. Strategies for employers and their organizations
Open this folder and view contents7. Trade unions against child labour
Open this folder and view contents8. Awareness-raising
Open this folder and view contents9. Action by community groups and NGOs
Open this folder and view contents10. Resources on child labour
View the documentOther ILO publications
View the documentBack Cover
 

Appendix 1.3 Example of a national plan of action on child labour, Cambodia, 1997

Target groups for priority action

During the workshop the following target groups were identified as priorities for action:

children in prostitution:
children trafficked;
children working in forced labour situations;
child domestic workers;
children in bondage;
children carrying heavy loads;
children working in the hazardous agriculture sector of rural areas;
children working in hazardous establishments and risky services;
children working along the border; and
child scavengers.

National policy development on child labour

Objectives

Programme activities

Agencies

Time frame

1 To develop comprehensive national policies and programmes to effectively prevent, decrease and eliminate child labour

1 Develop a national mechanism on child labour and/or strengthen the existing national mechanisms

2 Research and compile existing child labour related legislation.

• Government

• NGO and IO

• Workers' and employers' organizations

Short term

2 To ensure and improve the accessibility of education for all, in line with the constitutional mandate for nine years of free education

1 Expand education, especially universal primary education, and promote access to education of girls and rural children

2 Improve the effectiveness of provision of skills-oriented training based on the needs of society

3 Improve the understanding of parents and children of the value of education

4 Increase national education budget

• Government

• NGO and IO

• Community

• Parents and children

Medium term

3 To improve the effectiveness and ensure enforcement of legislation related to the protection of working children and other forms of child exploitation

1 Review, ratify and effectively implement ILO Convention No. 138 on minimum age of employment and other relevant international conventions

• Government

• NGO and IO

Short term

 

2 Review and prepare other legislation or decrees to protect working children in the informal sector and from forced labour

• Government

• NGO and IO

Short term

 

3 Increase the number of labour inspectors, and enhance their capacity and capability through further training

• Government

• NGO and IO

Short term

 

4 Expand the participation of other partners in the alleviation of child labour, including social organizations, employers' and workers' organizations and others

• Government

• NGO and IO

Short term

4 To enhance national public awareness of child labour and its consequences for society

1 Improve the understanding of child labour among children, parents and communities through awareness-raising programmes

2 Mobilize groups to take action

• Government

• NGO and IO

• Community

• Parents and children

• Teachers

• Employers' and workers' organizations

Medium term

5 To promote international assistance in the elimination of child labour in Cambodia

1 Identify need for international support

2 Request the assistance of multilateral and bilateral donors and technical agencies, particularly that of ILO-IPEC, in developing and implementing programmes to alleviate child labour in Cambodia

• Government

• NGO and IO

• International community

• Community

Long term

IO = international organization; NGO = non-governmental organization.

Education and child labour

Objectives

Programme activities

Agencies

Time frame

1 To expand education, especially universal primary education

1 Educate and improve the understanding of parents, children and communities about the value of education

• Children and parents
• Community
• Government
• NGO and IO

Medium term

 

2 Provide non-formal education and vocational skills training

• Government
• NGO and IO
• Children and parents

Short term

 

3 Develop training curricula and programmes for out-of-school children, in particular working children

• Government
• NGO and IO

Short term

 

4 Improve the living standard of rural families to enable them to send their children, in particular girls, to school

• Government
• NGO and IO
• Children and parents

Medium term

2 To encourage school drop-outs to continue education

1 Develop a policy and procedure on reintegrating drop-outs so that they continue their education

2 Improve the living standard of poor families who wish to send their children back to school

• Government
• NGO and IO
• Children, parents and community

Medium term

3 To prevent school children from dropping out or looking for hazardous occupations

1 Disseminate information or build awareness on the consequences of school drop-out and seeking jobs at an early age

2 Provide assistance for staying in school to extremely poor schoolchildren who wish to drop out

3 Provide skills and vocational training in communities to children who wish to seek employment

• Government
• NGO and IO
• Community
• Children and parents

Medium term

4 To encourage and provide education to children of ethnic minorities

1 Develop training curricula and programmes for working children of ethnic minorities

2 Educate and improve the understanding of parents and children of ethnic minorities on the value of education

3 Organize classes and training programmes for ethnic minority children

• Government
• NGO and IO
• Community
• Children and parents

Long term

IO = international organization; NGO = non-governmental organization.

Legislation and enforcement

Objectives

Programme activities

Agencies

Time frame

1 To improve existing legislation related to the protection of working children and child welfare by:

a) enforcement of labour law and the law on suppression of kidnapping and trafficking/sale of and exploitation of persons;

b) making recommendations for improving law enforcement

1 Gather and review documents relating to employment of children

2 Draft a declaration on the employment of children based on existing documents and legislation

3 Update or reform existing legislation in accordance with society and local reality

4 Develop additional law or legislation, if necessary

• Government

• NGO and IO

Medium term

2 To raise awareness of child labour related legislation and responsibilities of key actors

1 Inform and educate families, employers and working children about labour law and the impact of work on children

2 Improve the understanding and expand the responsibilities of labour inspectors, in particular with regard to enforcement of labour law

3 Disseminate legislation on the employment of children

• Government

• Workers' and employers' organizations

• NGO and IO

Short term

3 To improve the effectiveness of existing mechanisms in enforcing legislation on employment of children

1 Provide training to labour inspectors on how to carry out child labour inspection and interventions

2 Improve the effectiveness of child labour inspection and intervention by labour inspectors and social workers

3 Strengthen the capacity of labour inspectors and social workers to intervene through reporting by NGOs, children and families

4 Establish child labour networks throughout the country

• Government

• Workers' and employers' organizations

• NGO and IO

• Community

Short term

IO = international organization; NGO = non-governmental organization.

Social welfare and protection

Objectives

Programme activities

Agencies

Time frame

1 To prevent and protect children from prostitution and trafficking

1 Disseminate information to improve the understanding of parents and children on the negative impact of child labour on health and development of children through:

- posters

- TV/radio on practices of child deception and coercion into prostitution

- mobilizing child victims to raise awareness among other children at risk, in communities, schools and urban areas

• Government

• NGO and IO

• Community

• Children and parents

Short term

 

2 Enhance existing legislation such as legislation on suppression of kidnapping and trafficking/sale of and exploitation of persons, and other legislation on the protection of children's welfare

• Government

• Community

• NGO and IO

Medium term

 

3 Provide education and vocational training to female children in rural areas and high risk areas by:

- encouraging and assisting them in getting an education

- organizing mobile classes in remote rural areas

- providing vocational skills training

• Government

• Community

• NGO and IO

Medium term

 

4 Set up credit schemes and small businesses

• Government

• Community

• NGO and IO

• Private sector

Short term

2 To rescue and rehabilitate child prostitutes

1 Educate and raise awareness of brothel owners on child prostitution and withdraw children from forced labour

2 Provide alternatives to prostitution

• Government

• NGO and IO

• Community

Medium term

3 To reduce the incidence of child domestic work and children carrying heavy loads

1 Educate and improve the understanding of children, families and communities of the effects on them and society of such types of child labour

2 Provide skills and vocational training to children and their families

3 Provide non formal education to children

4 Provide credit programme to working children and their families

5 Encourage and assist in providing educational opportunities to children

• Government

• NGO and IO

• Employers' and workers' organizations

• Community

• Children and parents

Medium term

4 To protect working children in hazardous occupations

1 Enhance the capability and capacity of labour inspectors in:

- labour law labour

- law enforcement

- improving the effectiveness of child labour inspection and intervention

2 Improve the understanding of working children and their employers by:

- publishing posters on hazardous occupations for children

- publishing posters for parents and employers on the rights and basic protection of working children

- telling stones of working child victims to other working children and their parents

- providing medical check ups and sharing information on primary health care protection among children

• Government

• NGO and IO

• Employers' and workers' organizations

• Working children and their parents

• Community

Medium term

5 To remove children from their hazardous working environment or bonded labour, forced labour, prostitution and other types of hazardous occupations

1 Improve working conditions of children

2 Eliminate bonded labour and forced labour

3 Undertake surveys and other assessments of the most intolerable or worst forms of child labour

4 Provide skills and vocational training, and offer credit to families of working children

• Government

• NGO and IO

• Community

• Employers' and workers' organizations

• Research institutes

Medium term

6 To rehabilitate child victims of hazardous occupations

1 Rescue and educate victims

2 Provide necessary services to victims

3 Reintegrate victims with their families and communities

• Government

• NGO and IO

• Community

Short term

IO = international organization; NGO = non-governmental organization.

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