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close this bookAction Against Child Labour (ILO; 2000; 356 pages)
View the documentPreface
Open this folder and view contents1. National policies and programmes
Open this folder and view contents2. Towards improved legislation
close this folder3. Improving the knowledge base on child labour
View the documentINTRODUCTION
View the documentData requirements
View the documentSurvey methodologies
Open this folder and view contents3.2 BASIC RESULTS
Open this folder and view contents3.3 RECOMMENDATIONS ON CONDUCTING SURVEYS
Open this folder and view contents3.4 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INTERVIEWING CHILDREN
View the document3.5 FURTHER RESEARCH
View the documentAppendix 3.1 List of detailed variables in child labour surveys
View the documentBibliography on child labour surveys, statistics and related matters
Open this folder and view contents4. Alternatives to child labour
Open this folder and view contents5. Strategies to address child slavery
Open this folder and view contents6. Strategies for employers and their organizations
Open this folder and view contents7. Trade unions against child labour
Open this folder and view contents8. Awareness-raising
Open this folder and view contents9. Action by community groups and NGOs
Open this folder and view contents10. Resources on child labour
View the documentOther ILO publications
View the documentBack Cover

Data requirements

ILO and IPEC experience has shown that detailed and reliable data are crucial in setting targets and developing and implementing effective programmes on child labour. Since 1992, the ILO has taken the lead in developing methodological child labour sample surveys at national levels.

The survey methodologies were developed to enable countries to obtain benchmark statistics on children's work in general or to produce statistics on specific core variables. These methods were first tested in four countries (Ghana, India, Indonesia and Senegal). Following their refinement and recommendations for quantifying child labour, several countries collaborated with the Bureau of Statistics in adopting the methodologies and conducting national surveys for collecting comprehensive data.

Based on detailed results of the experiments and national child labour surveys conducted in several countries using the newly developed methodologies, the ILO was able to:

(i) produce regional and global estimates;

(ii) identify and quantify not only the different forms of hazard and risk working children face, but also the extent and nature of the injuries and diseases suffered while working; and

(iii) acquire much knowledge and experience, thereby enhancing considerably its competence for providing technical assistance to individual countries in designing and undertaking comprehensive child labour surveys, and processing, analysing and using the statistical data obtained for formulating and implementing appropriate action programmes to combat the worst forms of child labour at the national and global levels.

To obtain a complete picture of the child labour situation, the information sought through surveys at the national level involved answers to the following questions, among others:

• Who are the working children and how many are there in the various countries?

• How old are the children when they start to work for the first time and how do they live?

• Why do they work and in which sectors are they engaged?

• What are their specific occupations and the conditions of their work?

• What types of exploitation and abuse do they face at work?

• How safe are they physically and mentally at their workplace or in their occupations?

• Do they also go to school? If so, what are the consequences of their work on their schooling? And if they do not go to school, why not?

• Who are their employers? Why do they employ them? And how do they treat them in comparison with their adult workers?

• How many children are engaged on a full-time basis in housekeeping activities of a domestic nature in their own parents' or guardians' households, thereby sacrificing their education?

• Do any children live away from their parents' or guardians' home, and if so, where do they live and what do they do?

• What are the perceptions of parents about their working children? What are the perceptions of the children themselves and their employers?

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