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close this bookAction Against Child Labour (ILO; 2000; 356 pages)
View the documentPreface
Open this folder and view contents1. National policies and programmes
Open this folder and view contents2. Towards improved legislation
close this folder3. Improving the knowledge base on child labour
View the documentINTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contents3.2 BASIC RESULTS
Open this folder and view contents3.3 RECOMMENDATIONS ON CONDUCTING SURVEYS
Open this folder and view contents3.4 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INTERVIEWING CHILDREN
View the document3.5 FURTHER RESEARCH
View the documentAppendix 3.1 List of detailed variables in child labour surveys
View the documentBibliography on child labour surveys, statistics and related matters
Open this folder and view contents4. Alternatives to child labour
Open this folder and view contents5. Strategies to address child slavery
Open this folder and view contents6. Strategies for employers and their organizations
Open this folder and view contents7. Trade unions against child labour
Open this folder and view contents8. Awareness-raising
Open this folder and view contents9. Action by community groups and NGOs
Open this folder and view contents10. Resources on child labour
View the documentOther ILO publications
View the documentBack Cover


Collecting in-depth information from children themselves is needed to obtain a full picture of the practice and its potentially harmful effects. However, interviewing children presents special difficulties. Programme actions which create the right environment may be needed first. Indirect techniques which utilize children's natural forms of expression should be used to the maximum, particularly for thoroughly studying specific child labour categories.

Research is also needed in several areas to complete or highlight parts of the child labour picture. The following research areas are suggested:

Carry out industry studies aimed to:

• increase generalizability of information and conclusions;
• initiate cooperation with employers;
• identify workplace improvements;
• design effective industry approaches;
• understand non-economic reasons for hiring children; and
• complete a technical methodological manual.

Study economic incentive programmes to allow for:

• impact assessments of specific ongoing programmes; and
• assessment of newly designed experimental programmes.

Measure hazardous work and activities to:

• identify the prevalence and types of hazard children face, and their consequences; and
• help implement priorities aimed at the worst forms of child labour.

Analyse newly available child labour surveys to:

• improve understanding of the reasons for the supply of child labour; and
• better understand the nature and extent of child labour.

Investigate the child labour relationship to:

• adult employment and education;
• school quality and relevance; and
• family size, gender and birth order.

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